The Industrial Revolution 1750
Transcript The Industrial Revolution 1750
The Industrial Revolution
The Turning Point in World History…why?
Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries 200 Years 4 minutes
1. Where did the Industrial Revolution start? Why?
2. Society pre and post Industrialization
3. Major innovations/inventors of the I.R.
4. Effects of and Responses to Industrialization
What was the
The Industrial Revolution was a period in the
late 18th and early 19th centuries when major
changes took place in agriculture, manufacturing,
Own personal machines
Trade with locals
Sense of Accomplishment
Growth of Cities
Taught needed skills on the
factory floor [bulk unskilled]
Employed by business
Technological innovations make
Monotonous work of a single
aspect of the good
Bad work conditions
Dissatisfaction of working class
with working conditions
Where did the Industrial Revolution
first take place?
Why Great Britain?
a) Abundance of Natural Resources
Major cities spring up near iron deposits & coal fields
Being an island, there is more coast line to access for trading &
many rivers/lakes to use as a power source
c) Colonial Empire
Colonies supply cheap resources (cotton)
Colonies supply G.B. with a market to buy the goods produced.
d) Government Support
Relatively peaceful, not in turmoil
Lift restrictions on trade allowing manufacturers & merchants
the opportunity to make high profits.
Textile Industry Revolutions:
Machine can do the work of 16
Removed the seeds and other
The Cotton gin unfortunately
increased the demand for slave
labor on American plantations.
improved the STEAM
ENGINE to make it run
4x faster on the same
amount of coal.
Created a process to make
steel cheaper to produce,
stronger, & easier to work
iron to burn out
excess carbon and
Effects of Industrialization…
Population Explosion & Growth of Cities
- medical discoveries & public sanitation
-Edward Jenner- smallpox vaccination
-Louis Pasteur- discovered bacteria
- housing/tenements & standard of living
Factories and Mines
-Harsh working conditions
-Women and children entered the workplace as cheap labor.
-Child labor especially kept costs of production low and profits high.
-Owners exercised considerable control over the lives of their laborers.
Increased competition among industrialized nations
for raw materials and markets in the world which
led to IMPERIALISM.
Responses to the Impact of the
• Worker riots lead to Parliament
investigation of factory
• Journalists describe & authors
write about appalling life of a
• Leads to worker reforms for
children in 1833 & 1842
a. Rise of Labor Unions
-Demand for better $, hours,
conditions. Organized strikes. Wanted
Met with opposition from Businesses/
Employers … Why?
b Expansion of Education
c. Women’s increase demands for
suffrage (right to vote).
d. Reforms to end child labor
• Employers realized productivity
dependent on attitude of workers.
• Better conditions
• Factory Codes= minimum
standards for safety & sanitation
• Beginning of Insurance Funds=
help support workers who can’t
work due to illnesses or injury
Imperialism as a Response to
• Need for more raw materials (natural resources)
• Need to open new markets in which to sell products of
OTHER Reasons for Imperialism
(not just Industrial reasons)
Economic (this one is the link to Industrialization)
Where else does industrialism
take hold following England?
Where are the “newly
industrialized” countries (NICs)?
Why didn’t industrialization happen here
Mapping the Major Ideas
• How did the Industrial Revolution change
• Read material silently, marking changes
• In a group, create a web that depicts these
changes with a short phrase and image for
each (detailed but concise!)
• Bridging World History
• Video and Questions
• Additional activities (PDF)