Transcript Slide 1

What were the crusades?
Their enemies
Consequences of the
The crusaders’ armour
End of presentation
The crusades were a series
of religious wars between
Muslims and Christians,
beginning in 1096. They
started when the Seljuk
Turks invaded the Holy Land
(Palestine). The Byzantine
emperor wanted to recover
this land by fighting in a holy
war in the name of God.
Their enemies: The Seljuk Turks
The Seljuk Turks seized much of Asia minor
from the Byzantines. They conquered the
Holy Land and threatened to take
Constantinople in the 1100’s. These people
attacked the Christians who went on
pilgrimages to the holy land.
A Cross in
The Crusaders’ Armour
A Cross in
their Shield
Cross in
As a result of the crusades
feudalism declined, trade
increased and a revival of
learning took place.
So much goods travelled from
and to the Middle East, that
commerce and shipbuilding
When the crusades began some
lords sold their serfs and land to
finance a campaign. Some
others raised money for an
expedition by granting a charter
to a town or village of their
own. Many serfs ran away
because their lords were in the
Holy Land. Those circumstances
weakened feudalism and
increased the power of kings.
The stimulation between
Europeans from their contact
with Arab and Byzantine
cultures was great. The new
ideas they brought back to
Europe helped to bring about
the Renaissance.