Ch. 14 Sec. 1 US Fighting in Europe
Transcript Ch. 14 Sec. 1 US Fighting in Europe
Ch. 14 Sec. 1 U.S. Fighting in
D-Day, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of
Theaters (Places of Fighting) of
• North Africa
The Allies viewed Germany as the most
dangerous Axis Power.
The German military could:
• bomb Britain
• fight both the U.S. and
• invade the Soviet Union
Allies agreed to
a “Europe First”
The Battle of the Atlantic
• Naval battles between US and Germany
• German U-Boats fought in “wolf packs” and
sunk over 300 US ships
• New U.S. airplanes using radar were able to
spot U-boats easier
• In 1941, U.S. was able to crack the German
Enigma, Germany’s code system for
Meanwhile, Allied forces pressured the
Axis on another front—the deserts of
North Africa. Known as Operation Torch.
Tank battles dominated the fighting, pitting two
brilliant tank strategists against each other.
The Allied victory in
North Africa paved
the way for an
invasion of Italy,
ended the rule of
In 1943, Italy surrendered to the Allies.
In 1943, Allied leaders agreed to open a
second front in the war in Europe.
• The secret operation
• General Dwight
Eisenhower was the
Operation Overlord was a massive operation.
It required careful
planning and involved
an elaborate hoax to
fool the enemy about
where troops would
On D-Day, June 6,
1944, the Allies
landed at Normandy.
Within a month,
more than one
• June 6, 1944
• Allied force of 3.5
• Germans were slow
• Estimated 10,000
• The Allies landed
almost 1 million
The Allies seized the momentum.
Hitler launched a
creating a bulge
in the American
forcing a German
General Patton and his
men led victory at
Bastogne which turned
the Germans around
World War II in Europe, 1942–1945
By 1945 Germany was in full retreat