Policy of Neutrality ppt

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Transcript Policy of Neutrality ppt

Do you think it is right for the U.S.
government to use force to keep order?
A. Yes, always
B. Yes, under certain
C. No, never
A. A
B. B
0% C.
The Federalist Era 1789-1800
Road to Neutrality
What challenges did the United
States face during Washington’s
The Whiskey Rebellion
• Part of Hamilton’s
financial plan was a tax
on whiskey
• 1794
• Tax on whiskey
angered frontier farmers
• Farmers also had
trouble taking their
crops to market
because of bad roads
• They decided to make
their grain into whiskey
More of the Whiskey Rebellion
• Whiskey would be
easier to carry
• They often used
whiskey like money to
buy salt, sugar, nails,
and ammunition
• Did not have money to
pay taxes
• The whiskey tax
seemed as unfair as
British taxes had been
• Some feared more
taxes would follow
Results of the Whiskey Rebellion
• Farmers in western
Pennsylvania refused to
pay the tax
• Farmers took up arms and
chased away the tax
• Hamilton convinced
Washington that troops
should be sent to put down
the rebellion
• 13,000 soldiers went into
western Pennsylvania
• The rebels fled before a
• Showed that the National
Government had the power
and will to enforce laws
Struggle Over the West
• Washington worried
about European
ambitions for the
Northwest Territory
• Washington signed
treaties with the Indians
• He hoped that this
would lessen the
influence of the British
and Spanish on them
• American settlers
ignored the treaties and
moved onto Indian land
• Fighting soon broke out
Washington Sends an Army
• Washington sends in
General Arthur St. Clair
• He was to restore order
in the Northwest
• November 1791, St.
Clair’s forces were
defeated by Little
Turtle, chief of the
Miami people
• More than 600
American soldiers died
in the battle by the
Wabash River
Alliance With France?
• Many believed an
alliance with France
would help them defeat
the British, Spanish, and
Indians in the West
• The possibility of French
involvement prompted
Britain to take action in
the West
• The British urged Indians
to destroy American
settlements west of the
• The British began
building a new fort in
More Fighting
• The Native Americans
demanded that all settlers
north of the Ohio River
leave the territory
• Washington sent another
army under Anthony
• 2,000 Indian troops
planned to ambush
Wayne’s smaller force
• Wayne’s troops moved
closer to Fort Miami
The Battle of Fallen Timbers
• Wayne knew that it
was an Indian
custom not to eat
before battle
• The warriors waited
three days for
Wayne’s force
• Grew weaker and
• Wayne soundly
defeated the Indians
at the Battle of
Fallen Timbers
After the Battle of Fallen Timbers
• Indians fled to Fort Miami
• British closed the gate on
• British would not help them
• Battle of Fallen Timbers
crushed the Indians’ hope of
keeping their land
• Indians signed the Treaty of
Greenville- agreeing to
surrender their homelands in
what is now Ohio
Problems with Europe
• Many Americans cheered
the French Revolution, but
it soon grew bloody
• France and Britain went to
war and Washington hoped
to maintain neutrality
• The French sent diplomat
Edmund Genet to recruit
American volunteers
• Washington then issued a
Proclamation of Neutrality
• French and British warships
were also barred from
American ports
The British Fight Back
• British warships captured
American ships that
traded with France
• The British forced
American sailors to join
the British navy
• Washington sent John Jay
to negotiate peace with
Britain, and Jay’s Treaty
was signed
• Britain agreed to leave
American soil
• It said nothing about the
impressment or British
interference in trade
Jay’s Treaty was an agreement with
what country?
A. Spain
B. France
C. Britain
D. Russia
Treaty With Spain
• Spain feared the US and
Britain would work
together against them in
North America
• Thomas Pickney was
sent to Spain to settle
the differences
• 1795- Pickney’s Treaty
gave the Americans free
navigation of the
Mississippi River and the
right to trade at New
Washington’s Farewell
• After two terms
• In his farewell he
attacked political parties
• Also attacked the
involvement in foreign
• “Observe good faith
and justice toward all
• “It is our true policy to
steer clear of
permanent alliances”
• These words influenced
the nation’s foreign
policy for more than
100 years
What challenges did the United
States face during Washington’s
What challenges did the United States
face during Washington’s administration?
1. Whiskey Rebellion
2. Securing the Trans-Appalachian West
3. French Revolution