Transcript WW1 Ends

The Great War Comes
to an End
Committee on Public Information
First American propaganda agency.
Main goal was to popularize the war;
published pamphlets, ads, and films.
Spread anti-German sentiment
Teaching of the German language in schools
was outlawed.
Sauerkraut became known as “liberty
Saloonkeppers removed pretzels from the bar
America Restricts Free Speech
Espionage and Sedition Acts (1918)
Harsh penalties (fine of up to $10,000 and
sentenced to 20 years in jail) for interfering
with the war effort or saying anything disloyal,
profane, or abusive about the government.
Targeted socialists and labor leaders.
Wilson’s Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson’s plan for peace.
1-5: Preventing another war
6-13: Boundary changes
14: Called for a League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Broke up the Ottoman Empire and AustriaHungary.
Created nine new nations
Germany is burdened with the War-Guilt
Banned from having a military.
Owed about $33 billion to the Allies.
Weaknesses of the Treaty
Too tough on Germany (war-guilt clause)
They owed billions but they had been stripped of
colonies in the Pacific that may have helped them pay
their bills.
Russia loses more territory than Germany
Establishes hard feelings between Russia and the
Ignored claims of colonized people for selfgovernment.
The Treaty’s flaws were serious enough that
it would eventually lead to World War II.
League of Nations
U.S. never joined
Did not want to give up power to an
international organization.
The League suffered from a lack of credibility
due to the absence of the U.S.
Failed to prevent WWII and was replaced
by the United Nations in 1945.
WWI Helps the U.S. Economy
WWI accelerated America’s emergence as
the world’s greatest industrial power.
U.S. is able to produce massive amounts of
war supplies.
U.S. becomes a creditor nation; foreign
governments owed the U.S. more than $10