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Transcript damage/loss

EARTHQUAKE DISASTER
RESILIENCE
PART 3: Helping Community First
Responders Prepare for Expected And
Unexpected
Walter Hays, Global Alliance for
Disaster Reduction, Vienna,
Virginia, USA
A WELL-PREPARED
COMMUNITY FIRST RESPONDER
MAKES GOOD
DECISIONS ABOUT
THE BEST COURSE OF
ACTION IN COMPLEX
SITUATIONS, SOME OF
WHICH ARE UNIQUE
The Process of Being
Prepared for the Expected and
Unexpected When an
Earthquake Strikes a
Communinity is Both an Art
and a Science:
FAULT RUPTURE
DAMAGE/LOSS
EARTHQUAKE
VIBRATION
DAMAGE/LOSS
TSUNAMI
DAMAGE/ LOSS
REGIONAL
DEFORMATION
DAMAGE/ LOSS
FOUNDATION
FAILURE
DAMAGE/ LOSS
AMPLIFICATION
DAMAGE/ LOSS
LIQUEFACTION
DAMAGE/ LOSS
LANDSLIDE
DAMAGE/ LOSS
AFTERSHOCKS
DAMAGE/ LOSS
SEICHE
DAMAGE/ LOSS
CAUSES
OF RISK
HIGH VELOCITY OF
INCOMING WAVES
DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP
AND RUNOFF
VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE
RUNUP
TSUNAMIS
CASE HISTORIES
INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF
BUILDINGS
FLOODING
INADEQUATE WARNING
SYSTEMS
PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF
TSUNAMI
SITUATION: $309 BILLION LOSS
FROM TSUNAMI WAVES
• SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS
(DAMAGE, LOSS OF FUNCTION, COLLAPSE,
LOSS OF LIFE, LOSS OF HABITAT, LOSS OF
JOBS, LOSS OF CONFIDENCE, LOSS OF
ECONOMIC LOSSES, …)
SITUATION: THE ENTIRE
URBAN AREA DAMAGED
The Kocaeli
(Turkey) Earthquake
of 17 August 1999
SITUATION: 56 MILLION
DAMAGED BUILDINGS
SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM
BUILDING
SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF
HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO
HOUSING UNITS
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF
SCHOOL
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
OF HOSPITAL
SITUATION: INTERIOR LOSS
OF FUNCTION
SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT
RUPTURE
SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE:
LANDSLIDE
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
HANSHIN EXPRESSWAY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION:
ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION
OF AIRPORT
SITUATION: DISRUPTION OF
TRANSPORTATION ROUTES
SITUATION: DAM FAILURE
SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TO
UTILITY CORRIDOR
SITUATION: RADIOACTIVITY
LEAK
SITUATION: DEATH TOLL
REACHED 220,OOO+
SITUATIONl: 88,000 DEAD
SITUATION: LOSS OF
FUNCTION IN PORT AREA
SITUATION: RELEASE OF
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
SITUATION: OIL REFINERY FIRE
SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND
LOSS OF FIREFIGHTING CAPABILITY
SITUATION: LOSS OF FIRE
FIGHTING CAPABILITY
SITUATION: EMERGENCY
MEDICAL SERVICES
SITUATION: NEED FOR TEMPORARY
SHELTER
SITUATION: LOSS OF BUSINESS
SITUATION: LOSS OF 40 PERCENT OF
GDP
SITUATION: NEED FOR FOOD
AND WATER
SITUATION: LOSS OF REFINERY
SERVICES
RISK ASSESSMENT
•HAZARD MAPS
•INVENTORY
•VULNERABILITY
•LOCATION
ACCEPTABLE RISK
RISK
UNACCEPTABLE RISK
TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE
DISASTER RESILIENCE
DATA BASES
AND INFORMATION
YOUR
COMMUNITY
POLICY OPTIONS
HAZARDS:
GROUND SHAKING
GROUND FAILURE
SURFACE FAULTING
TECTONIC DEFORMATION
TSUNAMI RUN UP
AFTERSHOCKS
• PPREPAREDNESS
• PROTECTION
•EARLY WARNING
•EMERGENCY RESPONSE
•RECOVERY and
RECONSTRUCTION
RESILIENCY POLICIES
• PREPAREDNESS
(BE READY FOR
ANYTHING)
• PROTECTION
(BUILD TO
WITHSTAND)
• SCENARIOS
(KNOW WHAT TO
EXPECT)
RESILIENCY POLICIES
• EMERGENCY
RESPONSE
(SAVE LIVES &
PROTECT
PROPERTY)
• RECOVERY AND
RECONSTRUCTION
(RESTORE & NORMALIZE SERVICES)