Diapositive 1 - e

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Transcript Diapositive 1 - e

Histoire des modèles de l’atome
Démocrite
Aristote
John Dalton
Joseph Thomson
« Lainsécables
matière estetconstituéeisdenow
quatre
called
éléments:
the « father
le feu,
of
conducted
modern experiments with
« Les atomes sont pleins,
la terre, l’eau, l’air »
atomic theory »
cathode ray tubes leading him
immuables »
to the discovery of the electron
-400
-350
1803
1897
Histoire des modèles de l’atome
Ernest Rutherford
Niels Bohr
James Chadwick
Erwin Schrödinger
Le modèle se base sur
He les
made
considérations
a fundamental discovery
in the domain
of a
Schrödinger's
cat is
It was his interpretation of the Geiger-Marsden
empiriques issues denuclear
l'étudescience:
des spectres
he proved the thought
existenceexperiment,
of neutronsoften
experiment, that led him to the Rutherford model of the
d'émission. Le modèle
- elementary
quantiqueparticles
est né. devoid ofdescribed
any electrical
as a paradox.
atom.
charge.
1911
1913
1932
1933