Transcript The Renaissance(newnew)
•Renaissance means “rebirth”
•Rebirth of what? Culture-music, art,
•Painting dominated as the art
medium during this time
Michelangelo knew at a young age
he wanted to be an artist and started
working in Florence at age 13.
He was accepted into the Medici family school for
sculptors where he became extremely interested in
Greek and Roman culture.
He was a painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and
carved in1498 out of a single
block of marble.
The marble is highly polished in
the Renaissance style.
It depicts Mary holding Christ’s
lifeless body after his crucifixion.
It used classical naturalism.
The folds in the cloth and the
since of flesh are handled
However, the figures are out of
sculpted in 1504 out of one piece
of marble and is the most
recognizable sculpture from
The 17 foot statue depicts a nude
David at the moment he decides
to fight Goliath.
He stands with a sling shot over
his shoulder and a rock in the
It initially stood outside in a
square but is now protected in a
museum with a replica in its
His twisted body and contrapposto stance gives the
since of motion.
His body is not true to human proportions. His
upper body is larger than this lower body and his
hands are too large for his body.
The Sistine Chapel
took four years and five months to complete.
The large ceiling contains four large and five smaller
Old Testament scenes as well as 400 other figures that
fill the space.
There are 9 scenes from the book of Genesis with the
best know being The Creation of Adam.
To paint the large Last Judgment scene Michelangelo had
to climb 6 or 7 levels of scaffolding every day.
He once fell and badly injured one leg.
Contrary to popular belief, he painted the whole thing standing…not
lying on his back.
Burning candles and oil lamps created soot that darkened the images.
Attempts to fix the damage simply made it worse.
However, in 1979 restorers were able to clean the paintings
appropriately over the course of 10 years.
The room is now monitored for temperature and moisture control as
well as filters that clean the air.
The Sistine Chapel sees 19,000 visitors a day.
Leonardo da Vinci
Da Vinci lived and worked from
He is identified as the “Renaissance
Man” or known for being an expert in
all subjects including painting, sculpture, architecture,
engineering, military science, botany, anatomy, geology,
aerodynamics, and optics.
He left behind 10,000 pages of drawings, ideas, sketches and
He is famous for writing left-handed, in reverse, or mirrored
However, he only left about a dozen paintings.
The Last Supper
(1495-1498) was painted on a wall in the dining hall of
the monastery in Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan.
The wall mural is over 15x28 feet.
Christ and His disciples are seated at a table celebrating
Christ announces “One of you will betray me” and
sends everyone into shock.
Order of disciples left to right Bartholomew, James, Andrew, Judas, Peter, John, Thomas,
James, Phillip, Matthew, Jude, Simon.
Since Judas is the one who betrays Jesus, he is shown in shadow.
He also is the only one featured with his elbow on the table
which displays bad manners.
references to the number 3, which may be an allusion to
the Holy Trinity. The Apostles are seated in groupings
of three; there are three windows behind Jesus; and the
shape of Jesus' figure resembles a triangle. There may
have been many other references that have since been
lost to the painting's deterioration.
The Mona Lisa
(1503-1506 The Louvre, Paris) is the
world’s most famous portrait.
In Italian, the painting is known as La Gioconda.
She sits in a relaxed position in front of a typical Leonardo
The distant hills and mountains are softened by a light
haze. This technique is called sfumato. This effect creates
a feeling of depth within the painting.
Her smile and her identity have been speculated.
Her identity is said to have the wife of a prominent
The painting is called “enigmatic” or
puzzling and mysterious because she
has a gentle smile yet her eyes lack the
She has plucked eyebrows and
eyelashes and a shaved hairline which
was popular at that time. This adds to
the unsettling feeling she gives.
Her direct stare at the viewer which
contrasts the serenity of the
background also causes allure.
She is considered an ideal woman.
This small work (30”x21”) is said to
have been Leonardo’s favorite because
he carried it around with him until he