organic chem & macromolecules

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Transcript organic chem & macromolecules

Organic Chemistry
Macromolecule Structure
Review
Carbohydrates
• Made of C-H2O
• Main source of energy
Ribose...
• Simple Sugars
• Starches
Glucose...
A Starch...
Simple
Sugars...
Lipids
• Fats & Oils
• Made of CHO
• Phospholipids (Make up Cell Membranes)
• Triglycerides (Fats that clog our arteries!)
Phospholipid
A Triglyceride – made of a Glycerol & 3 Fatty Acids
Protein (aka Polypeptide)
• Found in Muscle (Meat, Fish, Poultry), Beans
• Made of CHON
• Shape Specific!
– Enzymes are Proteins!
• Made of long chains of Amino Acids bonded
together at Ribosome
• Make you – YOU!
• Can be DENATURED
– By Temp & pH
Nucleic Acids
• Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and
• Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)
• The genetic instructions for the cell
– Transmits our hereditary information
• DNA is housed in the nucleus in structures
called Chromosomes
• RNA is a copy of the DNA instructions
Nucleic Acids
• Made of CHONP
• A long string of Nucleotides
• DNA is a double helix and cannot leave
the nucleus
– Made up of A,T,C,G
• RNA is a single strand and can leave the
nucleus through the nuclear pores
– Made up of A,U,C,G