How did ideas travel from Italy to the rest of the world?
Transcript How did ideas travel from Italy to the rest of the world?
“Rebirth”; begins in Florence, Italy
Classical culture revival (Greco-Roman)
Emphasis on the individual
Focus on humanism (study of Classical
texts and an emphasis on human potential)
Economic Recovery (banking – Medici
Family of Florence, trade, manufacturing)
Emerging Middle Class (Castiglione’s Book
of the Courtier to teach manners)
Political Thought: Machiavelli’s The Prince
New Literature & Interests
Written in vernacular languages (NOT
Italian Writers = Dante (Divine
Comedy); Boccaccio (Decameron);
Petrarch (Sonnets); books written
about regular (secular) topics, not
Civic Humanism = people should be
involved in political life
Italian Renaissance Art
Natural human forms
- use of shading to create depth
and a 3-D look
Masters of High
Leonardo da Vinci
Did realistic painting,
bodies, goal to capture
the beauty of nature
David (the boy one –
first sculpture in the
round since Roman
12: Socrates 13: Heraclitus (Michelangelo) 14: Plato
(Leonardo da Vinci) 15: Aristotle 17: Plotinus (Donatello)
R: Apelles (Raphael)
David (the boy
one – first
sculpture in the
Uses of Art
Patronizing art helped rulers and elites
solidify and legitimize their power
Art communicated social, political, and spiritual
Therefore, the consumption of art was used as
a form of competition for social & political
Glorious art and impressive architecture
impressed people with the rulers’ power
Cathedral--Big Dome = $
Renaissance begins in
Italy Spreads to the
rest of Europe
How did technology allow ideas to
The importance of being
*In about 1440, the German
Gutenberg developed movable
type. Gutenberg made
separate pieces of metal type
for each letter to be printed.
*The same pieces of type
could be used again and again,
to print many different books.
*Printing soon became the
first means of mass
*What was the first printed
Renaissance Art in Northern Europe
Should not be considered a branch of Italian art.
But, Italian influence was strong.
/ Painting in OIL, developed in Flanders, was widely
adopted in Italy.
The differences between the two cultures:
/ Italy change was inspired by humanism with its
focus on the revival of the classics.
/ Northern Europe change was driven by religious
reform, the return to Christian values, and the
revolt against the authority of the Church.
More princes & kings were patrons of artists, rather
than the church.
Realistic [less emphasis on the “classical ideal”]
Middle-class, peasant life, portraits
Jan Van Eyck
Jan van Eyck - Giovanni Arnolfini
& His Wife
Erasmus of Rotterdam
Wrote In Praise of
Desire to reform the
Spread the Christian
message in his works
and blended his
writings with moral
and social concerns.
In addition, Erasmus
also was committed
to educating youth
and studying ancient
To be or not to be that is the
/ Primary example of the
development of use of
Wrote about thirty-eight
plays and 154 sonnets, as
well as a variety of other
In addition, Shakespeare is
the most quoted writer in
the literature and history of
the English-speaking world.
Can you quote
The Merry Wives of Windsor
"Why, then the world 's mine oyster" - (Act II, Scene
"This is the short and the long of it". - (Act II, Scene
"I cannot tell what the dickens his name is". - (Act
III, Scene II).
"As good luck would have it". - (Act III, Scene V).
King Henry IV, Part I
"He will give the devil his due". - (Act I, Scene
Taming of the Shrew
"I'll not budge an inch". - (Induction, Scene I).
"But, for my own part, it was Greek to me". - (Act I,
"There 's daggers in men's smiles". - (Act II, Scene
"what 's done is done".- (Act III, Scene II).
"The game is up." - (Act III, Scene III).
"I have not slept one wink.". - (Act III, Scene III).
• Eaten out of house and home
• Pomp and circumstance
• Foregone conclusion
• Full circle
• The makings of
• Method in the madness
• Neither rhyme nor reason
• One fell swoop
• Seen better days
• It smells to heaven
• A sorry sight
• A spotless reputation
• Strange bedfellows
for something cute!