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Health Indicators
A characteristic of an individual,
population, or environment which is
subject to measurement (directly or
indirectly) and can be used to describe
one or more aspects of the health of an
individual or population (quality, quantity
and time).
Importance of Health Indicators
Glimpse at how a country is doing in
terms of health
 Determines health policies
 Determines aid distribution
 Enables the ability to track the change in
level of health of a country over time
Infant Mortality
The number of deaths of infants under
one year old in a given year per 1,000
live births in the same year.
 Singapore-2.32
 Germany-3.95
 USA-6.14
 India-49.13
 Angola-178.13
Life Expectancy at Birth
The average number of years to be lived
by a group of people born in the same
year, if mortality at each age remains
constant in the future.
 Singapore-82.06
 Germany-79.41
 United States-78.24
 India-66.46
 Angola-38.48
Total Fertility Rate
The average number of children that would be
born per woman if all women lived to the end
of their childbearing years and bore children
according to a given fertility rate at each age.
(The rate of two children per woman is
considered the replacement rate for a
population, resulting in relative stability in
terms of total numbers).
Total Fertility Rate, WHO 2003
HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate
An estimate of the percentage of adults
(15-49 yrs) living with HIV/AIDS.
 Czech Republic-0.10
 USA-0.60,
 Nigeria-3.10
 Swaziland-26.10
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
per capita
purchasing power parity basis divided by
 Qatar-$121,700
 Singapore-$50,300
 USA-$46,400
 Germany-$34,100
 India-$3,100
 Democratic Republic of the Congo-$300
Unemployment Rate
The percent of the labor force that is
without jobs
 Qatar-0.50
 Singapore-3
 Germany-7.5
 USA-9.3
 India-10.7
 Sudan-18.70
 Zimbabwe-95.00