Chapter 6 - Applying Your Critical Thinking Skills

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Transcript Chapter 6 - Applying Your Critical Thinking Skills

Chapter 6
Applying Your
Critical Thinking
Skills
Strategy for Problem Solving
Step 1: Be alert for problems
Step 2: Express the problem
Step 3: List possible solutions
Step 4: Select and refine your best
solution
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Guidelines for Successful
Relationships
1. Acknowledge other people
2. Be generous with compliments, stingy with
criticism and/or advice
3. Keep your moods to yourself
4. Expect more of yourself and less of others
5. Make allowances for differences of opinion
6. Be sensitive to others’ feelings
7. Balance talking with listening
8. Think before speaking
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Guidelines for Successful
Relationships (cont’d)
9. Purge negative emotions
10. Refrain from gossiping
11. Apologize when you are wrong
12. Forgive when you are wronged
13. Be a peacemaker
14. Meet your responsibilities to others
15. Look for opportunities to be kind
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Ethical judgments are the decisions
people make about the rightness or
wrongness of human behavior
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Requirements of Respect for
Persons
“That each and every person should be
regarded as worthy of sympathetic
consideration, and should be so treated . . .
“That no person should be regarded as a mere
possession, or used as a mere instrument, or
treated as a mere obstacle, to another’s
satisfaction . . .
“That persons are not and ought never to be
treated in any undertaking as mere
expendables”
--Errol E. Harris
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Criteria for Ethical Judgment
• Obligations
• Moral Ideals
• Consequences
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Strategy for Ethical Judgment
Step 1: Examine the situation for
obligations and relevant moral ideals
Step 2: Determine possible actions and
their consequences
Step 3: Decide which action honors
obligations and moral ideals and
produce most desirable consequences
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Advertising Techniques
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Bandwagon
Glittering generality
Empty comparison
Meaningless slogan
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Testimonial
Transfer
Stacking the deck
Misleading
statement
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Elements of Film
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Characters
Setting
Plot
Theme
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Questions About Internet Sites
Whose site is this?
What function does the site serve?
Which statements are facts and which are
opinions?
Where can statements of fact be confirmed?
How widely shared is this opinion? What do
authorities on the subject think of it?
Is the reasoning behind the opinion logical?
Does the evidence support the opinion?
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