18 - Greenwich Public Schools

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Transcript 18 - Greenwich Public Schools

18
Civil Liberties
Politics, Culture and Civil Liberties
Liberties at issue for three reasons:
1. Bill of Rights contains competing rights
a.
b.
c.
Shepard (free speech vs. fair trial; currently at issue in CIA op case)
New York Times (common defense vs. free speech)
Kunz anti-Jewish speeches (free speech vs. public order)
2. Policy Entrepreneurs use crises to restrict rights of some minority group
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Sedition Act of 1798
1917-1918, Anti-Nazi, Anti-Soviet, Anti-Communist legislation
Smith Act (1940)
Japanese internment (not listed in text)
Supreme Court usually upholds restriction
3. Cultural conflicts
a.
b.
Original settlement by white European Protestants meant that “Americanism” was equated with
their values
Conflicts about the meaning of some constitutionally protected freedoms are ethnic, cultural,
and/or religious in origin
1.
2.
3.
4.
Jews offended by creches at Christmas
English-speakers often prefer monolingual schools
Gay Scout leaders?
Pornography split as a cross-cutting cleavage
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Figure 18.1: Annual Immigration, 1840-1996
Source: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1998, 10.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Figure 18.2: Changing Composition of U.S.
Immigration
Sources: For 1901-1980: Associated Press, adapted from a Boston Globe graphic by Steven Nelson. Reprinted courtesy of the
Boston Globe. For 1981-1996: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1998, 11.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Figure 18.2: Changing Composition of U.S.
Immigration (cont’d)
Sources: For 1901-1980: Associated Press, adapted from a Boston Globe graphic by Steven Nelson. Reprinted courtesy of the
Boston Globe. For 1981-1996: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1998, 11.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Figure 18.2: Changing Composition of U.S.
Immigration (cont’d)
Sources: For 1901-1980: Associated Press, adapted from a Boston Globe graphic by Steven Nelson. Reprinted courtesy of the
Boston Globe. For 1981-1996: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1998, 11.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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