Transcript Vichy France
(or how to run an occupied country in war-time)
After taking Poland, Hitler set his sights on France
France would provide plenty of lebensraum, or living
space, for the German people.
Hitler saw the United States as an example (similar to
The Maginot Line was a
defensive for France
against an invasion of
The Maginot Line was
established after World
The line showed to be
little use in 1940 when
Germany invaded France
for the third time.
“Blitzkrieg: German soldiers being parachuted into Holland - May 10, 1940”
Fall of France
The Germans invaded France in May 1940.
Retreating Allied forces made it to Dunkirk and found
themselves trapped between the advancing Nazis and the
British sent every boat they could get across the English
Channel to pick up troops off the beaches of Dunkirk.
The event at Dunkirk is called a miracle because the
retreating allies had lost hope and then the British
pulled through for them and rescued 338,000 men.
On June 22, 1940 France signs an armistice with Germany in
An armistice is a cease fire or a truce.
The Franco-German Armistice divided France into two zones.
One zone was under German military occupation and the
other was under French control.
In 1942 Germans occupied all of France
Puppet state – a state that governs itself in day-to-day
matters but is in reality under the control of a much
Vichy maintained full sovereignty only in unoccupied
Wermacht-occupied zone in the north
north and not
Occupation would be temporary until war’s end
(which seemed likely at the time)
Public supported pro-Nazi government early on to
maintain some sovereignty.
Premier Marshal Petain worked out deal with Nazi’s to
not divide France between Axis powers.
Vichy worked closely with German government
Cooperated with many German racial policies,
including the rounding up of undesirables.
Germany commanded most French forces in the
country to prevent Allied invasion from North Africa
Government was structured in an authoritarian form,
most blamed democracy on France’s fall
Propaganda picture of Marshal Petain meeting with Hitler.
US gave full diplomatic recognition to Vichy.
US disliked Charles De Gaulle (commander fo French
troops, exiled to UK)
USSR maintained diplomatic relations with Vichy
UK maintained recognition of Vichy until it became
clear they would not fight the Germans.
Created by De Gaulle to
combat Vichy and
Sparked fear of civil war
Overseas colonies went
under control of Free
Invasion of Normandy
led to liberation of Paris
Germany were ridiculed,
prosecuted and and/or
executed after war
War crimes were tried for
What were 3 ways that Hitler rose to power in Germany?
How did Hitler circumvent the Treaty of Versaille’s restrictions on
Why did Hitler wish to invade the states surrounding Germany?
What was the immediate cause of World War II?
Describe the German concept of the “blitzkrieg”.
What was the miracle at Dunkirk? Why was this event important?
What was the significance of June 22, 1940?
Why did Germany leave the north of France occupied?
What was the relationship between the Vichy government and the
United States like? Why would the United States want to recognize the
Vichy government in 1940?
What did liberation mean for those who had worked with the Nazi