Experiences of UNDP in Developing Adaptation Projects

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Transcript Experiences of UNDP in Developing Adaptation Projects

Least Developed Countries Expert Group
(LEG) stocktaking meeting
on the preparation and implementation of
National Adaptation Programme
of Action (NAPA)
Experiences of UNDP in Developing
Adaptation Projects
Presented by Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
3 – 5 September 2007, Bangkok, Thailand
© 2007 UNDP. All Rights Reserved Worldwide.
Proprietary and Confidential. Not For Distribution Without Prior Written Permission.
LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Outline
• Climate change and MDGs
• UNDP’s operational definition of
adaptation
• UNDP’s Adaptation Strategy, Approach
and Main Focus Areas
• UNDP’s Adaptation Portfolio
(Experience)
• UNDP Support to Adaptation Project
Development
• Technical Capacity
• Tools/Programming Frameworks
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Climate change poses serious risks to MDGs
Millennium Development Goals
Climate change risks
MDG 1
Eradicate extreme poverty and
hunger
Depleted livelihood assets, reduced
economic growth, and undermined food
security.
Achieve universal primary
education
Reduced ability of children to
participate in full-time education by
loss of infrastructure, livelihoods (forcing
children to work), and displaced families.
Promote gender equality and
empower women
Additional burdens on women's health
and time to participate in decision-making
and income-generating activities.
Reduce child mortality;
Improve maternal health;
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria
and other diseases
Greater prevalence of vector- and
water-borne diseases, heat-related
mortality. Declining food security, maternal
health and availability of potable water.
Ensure environmental
sustainability
Negatively impacted natural resources
and productive ecosystems.
MDG 2
MDG 3
MDGs
4, 5, 6
MDG 7
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Defining Adaptation
“Changing existing policies and practices and/or adopting new policies
and practices so as to secure MDGs in the face of climate change and its
associated impacts” (UNDP 2006)
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Long-term perspective differentiates adaptation from climate risk management
Anticipatory adaptation
Seasonal
forecasts, food
storage
Water conservation,
shifting crop species
Periodic droughts,
seasonal shortage
Water shortage,
decline of
agricultural
production
2010
2020
Piloting alternative
livelihoods
Desiccation, failure
of some agriculture
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Risks
Water resources per capita
Coping
Risk management
Coping mechanisms + planning for long term adaptation
time
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
UNDP’s Strategy on Adaptation
Main Focus Areas
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
UNDP’s Core Principles
1. Safeguard achievement of MDGs by developing adaptive capacity
2. Integrate climate risks into development policies and national investment
decisions
3. Build on disaster risk-management activities and extensive UNDP experience
and mandate
4. Leverage existing UN and UNDP programmes, including UNDP/GEFsupported National Communications and NAPAs
5. Build partnerships to ensure appropriate expertise reaches countries in line
with UNDP’s development role in the UN System
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Comparative Advantage
•Capacity building and technical assistance
•Human resource development
•Institutional strengthening (policy/legislative frameworks)
•Non-governmental/community participation
•Country driven- priorities and development strategies
•In-country-programming experience
•Some regional/global projects
•UNDP Specialized Bureaus (BCPR, DDC)
• Partnerships on Adaptation Projects
–Current: Govts, IOC/UNESCO, WHO, UNEP, World Bank, IRI
–In future: ADB, AfDB, IFAD, ISDR, CGIAR, others
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
UNDP’s strategy focuses on mainstreaming
Three-pronged approach:
1. Mainstreaming climate change into UN country
programming
2. Mainstreaming climate change into national
development plans
3. Piloting innovative national adaptation projects
to feed lessons into 1 and 2
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Leveraging EAs and the APF
Enabling Activities: NCs, NAPAs
V&A Priorities and
Timescales
Identified
APF and
Project Development Guidance
Strategies and
Projects Identified
Adaptation Funds
Adapted Policies
and Measures
Implemented
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Portfolio responds to regional priorities
Regional adaptation strategies
• Identify climate change risk hotspots
• Build on UNDP’s comparative advantages
•
– Policy advice, capacity development, and coalition building
Leverage national communication processes to mainstream climate change risks
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Six Thematic Areas
TA1. Agriculture and Food Security
Food security and food production maintained or enhanced
TA2. Water Resources and Quality
Water availability and supply maintained or enhanced
TA3. Public Health
Public health maintained or enhanced
TA4. Climate Change-Related Disaster Risk Management
Exposure and vulnerability to climate change-driven hazards reduced
TA5. Coastal Development
Exposure and vulnerability of population, infrastructure &
economic activity reduced in coastal zones
TA6. Natural Resources
Livelihood security maintained or enhanced in natural
resource dependent populations
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
UNDP’s Experience on Adaptation
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
LDCF,
$11.5
SPA, $11.5
Current Portfolio
SCCF,
$35.0
Eastern
Europe &
Central Asia,
$2.5
Arab States,
$5.5
Arab States, 3
Africa, $14.5
Eastern
Europe &
Central Asia, 7
Africa, 13
Latin America
& Caribbean,
$6.5
Latin America
& Caribbean,
6
Asia & Pacific,
$29.0
-Funding Source and Regional Distribution
Asia & Pacific,
17
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UNDP-GEF Portfolio (Approved and Submitted to Nov WP 2007)
20 Projects in 46 countries
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Growing Growing
CountryDemand:
Demand:LDCF
LDCF
Partnerships with:
• UNEP
• WB
• AfDB
• ADB
• FAO
• ISDR
• etc.
Submission Status of Project Identification Forms (PIFs) for follow-up projects
Expected 2007,
3rd Quarter
Expected 2007,
4th Quarter
Kiribati
Burundi
Zambia1
Ethiopia
Burkina Faso
Liberia2
Haiti2
Rwanda3
Guinea Bissau
Sierra Leone
DR Congo
Guinea
Lao PDR
Mali
Mozambique
Tuvalu
Yemen
Expected 2008,
1st/2nd Quarter
Solomon Islands
Cape Verde
Vanuatu
Togo
Maldives
Benin
Chad
PIF
Submitted*
Cambodia
Sudan
PIF
Approved
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Malawi4
Niger
Samoa
Eritrea
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LDCF Follow-up Projects: Record So Far
Country
NAPA
Submission
PIF
Submission
Response
LOE by
Govt
Expected
Implementation
Bangladesh Nov 2005
Oct 2006
>1 year
July 2007
Mid-2008
Samoa
Dec 2005
Apr 2007
>1 year
Aug 2007
Mid-2008
Niger
Jul 2006
Mar 2007
8 months
May 2006
Mid-2008
Cambodia
Mar 2007
May 2007
2 months
Apr 2007
End-2008
Eritrea
May 2007
Jun 2007
1 month
Mar 2007
End-2008
Sudan
Jul 2007
Aug 2007
1 month
Aug 2007
End-2008
GEF Project Cycle – 22 month limit
UNDP – PIF/PPG – 12-14 months
Timely assistance is a priority for UNDP!
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Projects by Sector and Country (GEF Pipeline)
Sector/topic
Country
Water
Tanzania, Ecuador
Agriculture
Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Pacific,
India, Niger (LDCF), Eritrea ((LDCF), Sudan (LDCF)
Health
Fiji, Barbados, Jordan, Uzbekistan, China, Bhutan, Kenya
Coastal zones
Senegal, Cape Verde, Mauritania, Gambia, Guinea Bissau,
Uruguay, Maldives, Egypt, Bangladesh (LDCF)
Disaster risk
management
India, Pacific, Bhutan (LDCF)
Natural Resource
Management
Hungary, Namibia
Multiple Focal
Areas
India, Samoa (LDCF)
Community-based
adaptation
Samoa, Bolivia, Niger, Bangladesh (Morocco, Namibia,
Vietnam, Guatemala, Kazakhstan and Jamaica to join in 2007/8)
In green – Approved projects
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Outcome Mapping
12
40
35
10
Africa_East/South
E.Europe
Africa_North
Latin America
Africa_West
Pacific
Asia
30
8
25
6
20
4
15
10
2
5
0
0
Policy
Policy
Tools
Tools
National Local Cap
NationalCap
Localcap
Cap
Piloting
Piloting
KM
KM
Other
Other
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UNDP Support to the Development of Adaptation Projects
CC-Adaptation Technical Advisors
–Economists, Disaster-Risk Reduction Specialists, Development
Practitioners, Climate Change Expertise
• Technical backstopping
• Guide Project Formulation (Preparatory Phase)
• Prepare PIFs/PPGs, Project Documents (together with
proponents/UNDP Country Offices)
• Quality control and troubleshooting
UNDP Country Office
– Operational support
CC-Adaptation Unit (HQ)
–Liaise with GEFSEC, tools & support for RTAs
–Liaise with LEG (for guidance, updates)
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TOOLS
• Project Development Guidelines
• Adaptation Policy Framework (APF)
• Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) framework for adaptation
• Web-based Programming Site
• Adaptation pipelining tool
• Best practice and lessons learned publications
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Project Development Guidelines
Project Proposals
Goal
Objective
Outcomes (3)
 Baseline
 Additionality
Lessons Learnt
Linkages to
development priorities
Partnerships/CoService through Regional Technical Advisors!
financing
Institutional
Arrangements
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
M&E Framework
Objectives
Impact indicators
Outcomes
(examples)
Outcome indicators
(examples)
TA1. Agriculture and Food Security
GOAL: Food insecurity resulting from climate change minimized or reversed, and new opportunities for food
production resulting from changes in climate exploited.
cf. MDG Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
1.Vulnerability: Resilience
of food production
systems and/or food
insecure communities
enhanced in the face of
climate change.
2.Etc..
1.Year-to-year variations in
total food production
normalised with respect
to inter-annual variations
in key climatic variables.
2.VRA based on interviews
with members of
vulnerable communities.
3.Etc..
1.Measures to reduce
impact of climate variability
on food supply introduced
(e.g. storage facilities,
irrigation).
2.Improved utilization of
climate information ranging
from seasonal forecasts to
longer-term projections.
3.Etc…
 Households, communities
with access to or using
forecast information
 Number of households,
population, communities
benefiting from
vulnerability reduction
measures
 Successful pilots of novel
crop, animal strains.
 Etc…
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Progress toward adaptation objectives measured through APF approaches
(1) Assessing climate risks & baseline (non-climate)
issues
(2) Assessing vulnerability
(3) Assessing climate/impact information needs and
usage
(4) Formulating an Adaptation Strategy
- Linkage to development priorities
- Mainstreaming targets
(5) Implementation Arrangements
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www.undp.org/gef/adaptation
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Programming website provides guidance for Country Offices
Country database supports Country Offices to frame climate change
adaptation at the national level
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Lessons Learned Templates
Engaging stakeholders
Capacity
Resources for project development
Additionality
Assessment of adaptation responses
Integration of climate change risks and adaptation
Evidence of the baseline at the conception of the project
Expected influence of the project – Policy, capacity, practices,
awareness
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Additional Resources and Linkages
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Growing funding sources for adaptation
1. Mainstreaming climate change
into UN country programming
2. Mainstreaming climate change
into national development plans
3. Piloting innovative national
adaptation projects to feed
lessons into 1 and 2
• MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)
• MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)
• SCCF, LDCF
• Bilateral funding (GTZ, EU, etc.)
• MDG Achievement Fund (UNDP)
• SCCF, LDCF
• Bilateral funding (GTZ, EU, etc.)
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
MDG Achievement Fund
Request for Proposals
 Launched in April 2007
 5 Thematic areas, includes Environment and Climate Change:
 Mainstreaming
 CDM
The first round of
 Adaptation
 One proposal per thematic area
MDG-F
concepts has been
selected
 Submission from UNDP RC for UNCT
 Min. 2 UN agencies involved
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
UNDP-UNEP Partnership on Adaptation
Climate Change and Development – Adapting by
REducing vulnerability (CC DARE)
(currently under development; focus on sub-Saharan Africa)
 Enhanced knowledge, skills and partnerships in mainstreaming climate
change issues
 Stronger technical and institutional capacities for identifying, prioritizing and
implementing cost-effective adaptive measures
 Documenting the experience and knowledge gained on best practices
 Strengthened national adaptation plans and policies that are better integrated
with mainstream development activities, and
 Enhanced regional cooperation on climate change issues.
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
Additional services to be provided under UNDP-UNEP partnership (CC-DARE)
Objective 1: Incorporate adaptation to climate change into national development
plans and UN Cooperation Frameworks
Level
UN
programming
Pilot projects
UNDP services
•
•
•
•
•
Develop CRM roadmap & programmes
Policy dialogue
Climate risks assessment
‘’Climate proof’’ UN programmes
(APF)
Implement ‘’climate-sensitized’’ UN
programmes
M&E
•
•
•
•
•
Project development
Adaptation finance advising
Community-based adaptation
Implementation support
M&E
•
UNEP services
• Expertise in CC risks reduction
• CRM mainstreaming tools
• Training materials and capacity
•
building
Regional and national vulnerability
analysis
• Prioritization & decision-making
• PPPs
• Expertise mobilization
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LEG stocktaking meeting on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs.
For more information pls. go to:
http://www.undp.org/gef/adaptation
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