Transcript Audio Terminology
• Software that comes preloaded on most
• This program gives the user the ability to
record, compose and edit audio
• Users can either use the built in microphone,
or an audio interface connected through USB
Once tracks are activated (armed) the transport window will
Arming a track
• On the left hand side of the screen, you see all
of the tracks that are included in your work.
• In order to record, you must select the record
button on the track. When you have selected
the track, it will light up ‘red’ in colour.
• This feature is particularly important in
• On each track, you are given the option to
select an arrow up or an arrow down.
• You would normally select the arrow up for
– This means that if a song or loop is playing at the
same time as a voice is speaking, the voice will be
heard over the song or loop.
• Audio compression reduces the dynamic
range of recorded audio.
• It boosts the quiet sections, and reduces the
• Coincidently this also reduces the overall
quality of the audio.
Vinyl - Records
• The sound is recorded on a very fine line or
groove which goes around and around in a
spiral from the outside edge of the disc to the
center. The phonograph plays the sound with
a needle that touches the groove. A record
usually has different music on each side.
• Purists say that records more accurately
capture the true nature of the recording
• Record companies have seen a decrease in
CD sales, and an increase in Record sales.
• Audio that involves two speakers
– Each speaker can have different sounds coming
– The audio engineer determines what happens in
• Simply put, dynamics means – volume
• Audio records capture the interest of the
audience by having a variety of dynamics.
• Music hear on the radio has virtually no
dynamics – the music is heavily compressed.
• Sound recording technique in which the
original pitch of sound is either raised or
• We experimented in garageband with pitch
shifting through the ‘vocal transformer’
• We were able to change a male voice into a
female voice – and visa versa
• This is the pulse of the music or recording
• In a band setting, the beat is usually
articulated and defined by the bass drum
• Allows you to change the levels of different
aspects of music at specific points in a
• Most commonly used in volume
• Is the most used studio effect
• Reverb creates space within the recording
• It adds echo to the recording, creating an
ambience to the sound.
• Recordings with a lot of reverb sound as if
they were recorded in a large auditorium
• A very commonly used studio effect
• This is similar to reverb in that it creates
ambience in the recordings
• Delay produces repeats in the notes –
• Prerecorded sounds files
• When a recording is looped, it will play
continuously – repeating many times
• In Garageband – we explored the pre loaded
loops by selecting the ‘view loop browser’
feature found in the control icon.
• Musical Instrument Digital Interface
• Literally turns musical instruments into
• Most commonly, digital keyboards are
connected to computers via midi cables. The
keyboards now controls various aspects of the
• Synthesizers use a number of different
technologies or programmed algorithms to
generate signal, each with their own strengths
• The original synthesizer was created by the
company “MOOG AUDIO”