Transcript Chapter 22

Chapter 22
Section 3
Expanding Interests in Asia and Latin
A Power in the
• In 1850s, Commodore Perry opened Japan to
Western trade and culture. 1854-under threat
of force Japan signed a treaty giving
American ships access to its ports
• 1890s – Japan defeated China.
• sphere of influence – area where foreign
nations claimed special rights and economic
The U.S. and
• 1890s; many European
countries and Japan established prosperous
settlements along the coast of China.
• U.S. (John Hays) proposed Open Door Policy: No
single country should have a monopoly on trade
with China.
• Chinese against foreigners; Boxer Rebellion –
uprising of Chinese against foreigners.
America secures the
• 1902- U.S. put down the independence
movement in the Philippines.
• Philippines would provide a path to Chinese
• U.S. controlled a
chain of islands in the Pacific;
Hawaii and Guam. (pg. 704-705)
U.S. Interests in
Latin America
• Panama Canal – needed a connection
between the Atlantic and Pacific.
• U.S. supported a revolution in Panama to
secure rights for the canal.
• Eventually paid (1921) Colombia $25
Panama Canal
in the making
Construction began in 1906; finished 1914.
44,000 workers.
Cost $350-$380 million to build.
More than 5,500 died of disease and
• Malaria – an infectious disease marked by
cycles of chills and fever.
Panama Canal
• President Roosevelt-first U.S. President to
leave the United States while President.
-the Panama Canal on August 15, 1914.
• The canal today still helps move people and
goods all around the world.
U.S. Involvement in
Latin America
• Businesses wanted resources from the
South; bananas, coffee, copper. Sell at
higher prices in the U.S. Land for farming
and mining.
• Theodore Roosevelt – reminded Europe of
the Monroe Doctrine: the policy that barred
European nations from intervening in Latin
• Added the Roosevelt Corollary –
authorizing U.S. to police the region;
would intervene in Latin America’s
domestic affairs if necessary.