For your promising future
• 1. to grasp certain knowledge about
• 2. to learn how to make introduction
to a place
Teaching Tasks and
• I. Pre-reading questions?
• What do you know about Antarctica
and Arctic ? Consult relevant
materials to tell the similarities and
differences between them. Do you
think one day one human beings can
possibly live there?
• Antarctica - Pictures, Information and Travel
Sea ice forming in Antarctica from the shore - "sea smoke"
can be seen in the distance - formed as temperatures
• Most recently added and updated pages
• Antarctica: Animal Adaptations | Antarctica Power Points
for Schools | Antarctic base design
Travel: Whale watching trips
Buy: Men's jackets, cold weather | Women's jackets, cold
weather | Men's Casual Shoes
• Cruise Antarctica
III Language points
• 1. We are so inclined to think of both the Arctic and
Antarctic as cold that we tend to forget how much colder
the latter is.
be inclined to—be likely to, tend to. More examples:
• With a poor constitution, he is inclined to get tired easily.
• Not having a wide and supple command of a range of English
styles, Alec is inclined to use clichés and numerous idioms in
his compositions, thinking that they add colour and flavour
to his writing.
Tend in this sentence is synonymous with be inclined to.
The two different verbs are used in one sentence to avoid
• 2. … the only plants are a handful of
mosses and lichens…
• a handful of — an amount which is as
much as can be held in the hand; a small
number / amount of
• Similar examples:
• a mouthful of food
a roomful of
• a spoonful of soup
a cupful of
• a bucketful of mud
a pocketful of
• 3. As regards precipitation the Southern
Continent is desert.
• as regards—regarding, concerning, about,
as far as… is concerned
• More examples:
• As regards his ability, we all feel he has
• You can rest assured as regards the
quality of the refrigerator.
• 4. and there may well be places close
to the Pole where snow has never
fallen—there may very probably be
places near the South Pole where
there has never been snow.
• 5. Antarctica is by far the coldest place on earth —By far
is used to emphasize that someone or something is much
better, worse, greater or smaller, etc., than anyone or
anything else. So Antarctica is the coldest place on earth,
nowhere else is colder than Antarctica.
by far— a large amount or degree. It is generally used
with a comparative or superlative adjective. More examples:
• The new seaport will by far be the most advanced coal
wharf in this area.
• The new brand of chocolate is by far the best of its kind.
• 6. … each knot of wind has an effect on life equal
to a drop of one degree in temperature.
• have an effect on —affect
• More examples:
• Each living thing in an ecosystem has a great
effect on many others in many ways.
• Pollution will have a direct effect on the rise and
drop in temperature all over the world.
NB: Affect is a verb which means “influence”,
while effect when used as a noun, means
“result” and when used as a verb, means “to
cause a change”.
• 7. Small wonder that whereas in the eighteenth and early
nineteenth centuries man swiftly explored and occupied the
rest of his planet, …
small wonder —no wonder, not surprisingly. More examples:
Most young people like to follow the fashion. Small
wonder (that) my teen-age niece Lydia is so fashionconscious.
Very serious cases of illnesses must be treated
immediately without delay. Small wonder (that) the
announcement made by the Municipal Public Health Bureau—
all critically-ill patients must be accepted for emergency
treatment without going through check-in procedure—has
been warmly received.
• Free discussion
• Do human beings’ behaviors beautify
or destroy the planet?
• Essay appreciation
• 1. You will receive a body
You may like it or hate it, but it will be yours for as long as
you live. How you take care of it or fail to take care of it
can make an enormous difference in the quality of your life.
2. You will learn lessons.
You are enrolled in a full-time, informal school called Life.
Each day, you will be presented with opportunities to learn
what you need to know. The lessons presented are often
completely different from those you need.
3. There are no mistakes, only lessons.
Growth is a process of trial, error and experimentation. You can learn as
much from failure as you can from success. Maybe more.
4. A lesson is repeated until it is Learned.
A lesson will be presented to you in various forms until you have learned it.
When you have learned it (as evidenced by a change in your attitude and
ultimately your behavior) then you can go on to the next lesson.
5. Learning lessons does not end.
There is no stage of life that does not contain some lessons. As long as you
live there will be somthing more to learn.
6. Others are merely mirrors of you.
You cannot love or hate something about another person unless it reflects
something you love or hate about yourself. When tempted to criticize
others, ask yourself why you feel so strongly.
7. What you make of your life is up to you.
You have all the tools and resources you need. What you create with those
tools and resources is up to you. Remember that through desire, goal
setting and unflagging effort you can have anything you want. Persistence
is the key to success.
8. The answer lie inside of you.
The solutions to all of life problems lie within your grasp. All you need to do
is ask, look, listen and trust yourself.。