DNA Transcription / Translation

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Transcript DNA Transcription / Translation

DNA Transcription /
Translation
Jeopardy!
During translation, what molecule
brings amino acids to the
ribosome?
Ribosomes are made of
 A.
Protein
 B. rRNA
 C. tRNA
 D. rRNA and Protein
Label this
What is produced once
transcription is completed?
What is added to the mRNA
during processing before it
leaves the nucleus?
Sickle Cell anemia is caused by
what type of mutation?
A. Substitution
 B. Insertion
 C. Deletion
 D. Frameshift

What is a codon for Arginine?
 A.
AGC
 B. TAC
 C. AGC
 D. CGC
Transcribe this sequence:
CTATCGG
 A.
CUAUCGG
 B. CATAGCC
 C. GAUAGCC
 D. CCGAUAG
During Elongation of translation,
what happens with the arrival of
each new tRNA?
A. New ribosomes attach
 B. New tRNA’s bind to Esite
 C. Peptide is passed from tRNA in Psite to
Asite
 D. Peptide is passed from tRNA in Psite to
Esite.

Amino acids are bound by a
______ bond.
What is a nonsense mutation?
Transcription begins when RNA
polymerase…
 A. attaches
to the initiator
sequence of a gene
 B. unwinds a strand of DNA.
 C. binds to a strand of RNA.
 D. attaches to the promoter
sequence of a gene.
Protein synthesis continues until
 A.
A stop codon is reached
 B. The termination sequence is
reached
 C. The amino acid sequence runs out
 D. The end of the sequence is
reached
What is a chain of amino acids
is called?
DNA is replicated from CCTAATA
to CCTATA. What type of mutation
occurred?
 A.
Point
 B. Addition
 C. Insertion
 D. Deletion
If DNA codons are BAT BAT BAT
and an andenine base is added in
the beginning, which would be a
result?
 A. A BAT BAT BAT
B. ABA TBA TBA T
 C. Frameshift
 D. B and C
 None of the above

If AUG is the codon, what is the
anticodon?
What happens during
transcription?
A. RNA polymerase moves along the DNA
strand that is oriented in the 5’ to 3’ direction.
 B. RNA polymerase must first bind to a
promoter sequence.
 C. Transcription is always initiated at the
start codon.
 D. The 3’ end of the RNA molecule is
produced first.

Label this
A segment of DNA that codes for a
protein is known as
What process forms peptide
bonds?
How many water molecules are
produced from 260 Amino
Acids?
A genetic mutation that only affects one
type of amino acid is known as a
__________ mutation.
Label this
Remove the intron (AUA) from the
following DNA sequence.
ACTATAGAT
 A.
ACTACAGAT
 B. ACTGAT
 C. UGAUAUCAU
 D. UGUCUA
Translate the following
sequence…
UCAAGU
 A.
methionine -tyrosine
 B. methionine-serine
 C. serine-serine
 D. Isoleucine - Valine
What site on the ribosome
allows tRNA’s to attach to the
mRNA strand?
A. A Site
 B. P Site
 C. E Site
 D. C Site

Where does translation occur?
What does the r in rRNA stand for?
What is the DNA strand that made this
mRNA strand? AUCCAU
 A.
ATCCAT
 B. AUGGAT
 C. TAGGTA
 D. ATGGAT
What are the sections of mRNA that
code for a protein called?
You find a salamander that has an extra
eye in the place where its left ear should
be. This unusual appearance is most likely
due to a mutation in a(n) ________ gene.
What process is pictured below?
UAA is a codon for
The anticodon CAG codes for
which amino acid?
 A.
Glutamine
 B. Serine
 C. Leucine
 D. Valine
 E. None
Where would a DNA substitution
probably have the smallest or least
effect on the organism?
 A.
Exon
 B. Histone
 C. Intron
 D. Operon
At the very beginning of translation,
the first tRNA molecule binds to
what site on the ribosome?
What part of the mRNA binds
to the ribosome?
 A.
3’ End
 B. 5’ End
 C. Poly A Tail
 D. Exons
Double Jeopardy
5’ A C G A A A T A C A G A C A T A T T 3’