Transcript MAE DAY

Scarlet Globemallow
Family: Malvaceae
• Greyish herb with dense starry hair
• Grows on desert slopes
• Loves the sun and loves the drought
• Brews sweet but slimy tea.
• Flowers orange in dry garden spots and soothing to the
• Five broad petals shallowly notched grow in clusters
near its top.
• Not too tall unless to ants, we see it throughout the West.
• May through August if we are lucky.
• Sphaeralcea cocccinea
• ,
D. Bondy 08
Sphaeralcea cocccinea
Family: Malvaceae
• The Mallow Family contains 204 genera
with 2330 species of cosmopolitan range
with many found in South America. They
are herbaceous plants, shrubs or trees.
• Major genera worldwide:
• Abutilon, Althaea, Gossypium, Hibiscus,
Hoheria, Kitaibelia, Lavatera, Malope,
Malva, Malvastrum, Malvaviscus, Palaua,
Pavonia, Sida, Sidalcea, Tilia, Urena.
• In Montana (Dorn 1984):
• Abutilon, Alcea, Hibiscus, Iliamna, Malva,
Sidalcea, and Sphaeralcea
• Leaf Characteristics:
• The leaves are alternate, with leafy
growths where they join the stem, and
they are often hairy.
• The leaves are often palmate and lobed or
divided (Hollyhock), or undivided and
toothed (Hibiscus).
• Flower Characteristics:
• The usually radial flowers of this family are
larger and composed of five separate petals,
usually rolled up together in bud or dying.
• The stamens and style form a long tube
protruding from the center of the flower, and the
stigma at the end of the tube is divided.
• The calyx is composed of five sepals,
sometimes joined, with another row of
conspicuous bracts beneath them.
• Seedpod Characteristics:
• In many species, there are many disc-shaped
seeds in a ring at the bottom of the style, with
the calyx folded over them (hollyhock).
• In some species, there may be only five rounded
seeds inside the calyx.
• In the genera Hibiscus and Gossypium, the
seeds are enclosed in a capsule.
• In one case (Malvaviscus), the fruit is a berry.
• The fruit is always formed from a superior ovary.
• Important food plants include Theobroma
cacao (chocolate), Cola spp. (cola),
Hibiscus esculentus (okra). The natural
mucilage ingredient of marshmallows also
comes from this plant.
• An important fiber plant is cotton
(Gossypium spp.)
• Basswood (Tilia spp.) comes from this
We thank you, maybe!?!
• Imagine a world w/o Marshmallow Peeps
Marshmallow Peeps Cupcakes
Family: Malvaceae
18 1/4 ozs white cake mix
• 1 tbsp olive oil
• 1 1/2 ozs Dream Whip whipped topping mix, dry
• 1 tsp pure vanilla extract
• 1/2 tsp baking powder
• 7 1/4 ozs Betty Crocker Fluffy White Frosting
1 c water, cold
• 24 pcs Marshmallow Peeps
• 1/2 c egg whites, slightly beaten
• jelly beans
Preheat oven to 350. Prepare 24 standard muffin cups with cooking spray and
flour; set aside To prepare batter, combine cake mix, whipped topping mix, and
baking powder in a mixing bowl. In another mixing bowl, combine water, egg
whites, oil, and vanilla extract. Mix dry ingredients with wet ingredients just
until moistened. Spread batter evenly between muffin cups. Bake 20 minutes or
until top springs back when touched. Cool. Prepare frosting mix according to
package directions. Spread over cooled cupcakes. Top each cupcake with Peep
and jelly beans.
Sphaeralcea coccinea
Montana Native Malvaceae
Sidalcea oregana
Montana Native Malvaceae
Malva moschata
Montana Weedy Malvaceae
Cola acuminata
Family: Malvaceae
Theobroma cacao
Family: Malvaceae
Do you remember what
cauliflory means?
• This term may be literally translated into
"stem-flower." Under a strict definition it
refers to flowers and inflorescences that
develop directly from the trunks, limbs and
main branches of woody plants. It is a
marvelous adaptation for pollinators that
cling to the trunks & main limbs of rain
forest trees. American Redbud (Cercis
canadensis) is a temperate species with
cauliflorous flowers.
Family: Amaranthaceae
• Springtime annual, lush gray green
• Grows in disturbed places.
• Rich soils, Poor soils do not matter
• We ate it on our dinner platter.
• In the garden we pulled it out but its fruit can
make a flour,
• Tiny blooms with mealy heads and black shiny
seeds its sum,
• Its goosefoot leaves do not leave tracks
• Chenopodium album
D. Bondy 08
Chenopodium album
Family: Amaranthaceae
• The flowering plant (angiosperm) family
Amaranthaceae, the Amaranth family,
contains 169 genera and 2,360 species.
Most of these species are herbs or
subshrubs; very few are trees or climbers.
Does anyone remember what a subshrub
• This is a widespread and cosmopolitan
family found mostly in subtropical and
tropical regions, although many species
belong in cool temperate regions. It is
especially characteristic of disturbed, arid,
or saline habitats. Do you think this family
likes eastern Montana?
• In the APG II system of 2003 (unchanged
from the APG System of 1998), the family
is placed in the order Caryopyllales. It
includes the plants formerly treated as the
family Chenopodiaceae.
• Well-known chenopodioid species include
beet, lamb’s quarters, quinoa, and
• Some species are considered weeds, but
a number of others are popular garden
ornamental plants, especially species from
Alternanthera, Amaranthus, Celosia, and
Iresine. Notable members include
amaranth and tumbleweeds. Many of the
species are halophytes (plants adapted to
growing in salty soils.)
• Leaf Characteristics:
• The leaves are simple; opposite or
alternate; their margins entire or coarsely
toothed, and without stipules. In most
cases, there are neither basal or terminal
aggregations of leaves.
• The flowers are solitary or aggregated in
cymes, spikes, or panicles and typically
perfect (bisexual) and actinomorphic (star
shaped). A few species have unisexual
flowers. The bracteate flowers are regular
with 4-5 petals, often joined. There are 1-5
stamens. The hypogynous (inferior) ovary
has 3-5 joined sepals.
• Fruit Characteristics:
• The fruit can be an utricle, nut, or
circumscissile capsule, rarely a berry.
• An utricle is like an achene, but it has a
compound ovary, rather than a simple one.
In addition, its fruit ovary becomes
bladdery or corky.
• Although several species are often
considered weeds, people around the
world value plants in this family as leaf
vegetables, cereal grains and
• The word comes from the Greek
amarantos, the "one that does not wither,"
or the never-fading (flower).
Amaranthus caudatus
Celosia spp.
RU Paying Attention???
Fried Cockscomb?
Swiss chard
Garden beet
Beta vulgaris L.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Sugar beets are important to our regional economy
Amaranthus powellii
aka Powell’s Amaranth or Pigweed
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Family: Amaranthaceae
Atriplex canescens
Family: Amaranthaceae
4-wing Saltbush
Ceratoides lanata
Family: Amaranthaceae
Plants and animals share the same
spaces and places. Be aware.
Kochia spp.
Family: Amaranthaceae
Salsola iberica
Family: Amaranthaceae
Russian thistle or tumbleweed
Family: Ericaceae
• Evergreen plant of woody base growing near
• Loves the conifers of NW climes, from BC to
• Used to creep along a slope and used to flavor
• Waxy flowers pink of saucer-shape
• It’s rhizomatically tiny.
• Chimaphila menziesii
D. Bondy 08
Chimaphila menziesii
Family: Ericaceae
• The Heath Family This is a family of
around 4100 species in 124 genera, found
all over the world. Almost half of them are
in the genus Rhododendron, most of that
genus coming mainly from China, and
there are around 500 species of Erica,
most of them from Southern Africa.
• This is a family mainly of shrubs or
climbers, and almost all of them are found
in acidic habitats, and are dependent on
fungal mycorrhiza. Most are grown for
ornament, often as hedges, including
Gaultheria and Pernettya, although the
leaves of Kalmia species are poisonous to
stock and humans.
• In Great Britain, acidic moorlands are
often covered in wild heather (Calluna and
Erica species). That is how things are in
Glocca Morra (Finian’s Rainbow.)
The Heather on the Hill
from Brigadoon, the musical
• Can't we two go walkin' together, out beyond the valley of trees?
Out where there's a hillside of heather, curtsyin' gently in the breeze.
That's what I'd like to do: see the heather--but with you.
• The mist of May is in the gloamin', and all the clouds are holdin' still.
So take my hand and let's go roamin' through the heather on the hill.
The mornin' dew is blinkin' yonder. There's lazy music in the rill,
And all I want to do is wander through the heather on the hill.
• There may be other days as rich and rare.
There may be other springs as full and fair.
But they won't be the same--they'll come and go,
For this I know:
That when the mist is in the gloamin', and all the clouds are holdin'
If you're not there I won't go roamin' through the heather on the hill,
The heather on the hill.
Plants and animals share the same
spaces and places. Be aware.
Bagpiper, heather, and a hill near Glocca Morra perhaps.
• The fruits of a few species, e.g. Bilberry
(Vaccinium myrtillus) and Bog
Whortleberry (Vaccinium uliginosum) are
• The cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos) and
blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum ) are
cultivated for food crops.
• Montana huckleberries are in this family.
• The original source of oil of wintergreen
(methyl salicylate) is from the plant
species Gaultheria procumbens. Have
you ever chewed ‘wintergreen gum?’
• Leaves and stem characteristics: Many
members of this Family are evergreen
shrubs or climbers, with woody stems. The
leaves are simple without stipules, usually
alternate, and are often thick, leathery and
shiny. Species growing in dry conditions
often have thin needle-like leaves.
• Flower Characteristics: There is a calyx
or four or five sepals joined at the base.
The flower has four or five petals, usually
joined to form a tube or trumpet. There are
usually twice as many stamens as petals,
and they are not attached to the corolla.
There is a single style. The flowers are
usually in clusters or spikes, but may be
• Fruit characteristics:
• The ovary is usually superior but may be
inferior. The fruit is usually a capsule or a
• Members of this Family usually have:
• Woody stems and simple evergreen
leaves growing alternately.
• Clusters of flowers.
• Flowers with 4 or 5 petals forming a tube
or trumpet.
• Stamens not attached to the flower tube.
• And are found in acidic conditions.
• In Montana, Dorn 1984, genera include:
• Allotropa, Arctostaphylos, Cassiope,
Chimaphila, Gaultheria, Hypopitys,
Kalmia, Ledum, Menziesia, Moneses,
Monotropa, Orthilia, Phyllodoce,
Pterospora, Pyrola, Rhododendron,
Allotropa virgata
Family: Ericaceae
Candystick of western Montana
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Family: Ericaceae
Bearberry or
Kinnikinnik of
Montana forests
Bearberry or kininikinik
Cassiope spp.
Mountain heather of Montana
Gaultheria humifusa
Family: Ericaceae
Wintergreen of
Western Montana
Hypopithys monotropa
Family: Ericaceae
Kalmia microphylla
Family: Ericaceae
Ledum glandulosum
Family: Ericaceae
Labrador tea
Menziesia ferruginea
Family: Ericaceae
Menziesia of Montana woods
Moneses uniflora
Family: Ericaceae
Moneses of Montana woods
Monotropa uniflora
Family: Ericaceae
Indian Pipe of moist
Montana woods.
Orthilia secunda
Family: Ericaceae
Orthilia of Montana
confierous woods
Phyllodoce empetriformis
Family: Ericaceae
Mountain heath of Montana
Pterospora andromedea
Family: Ericaceae
Pyrola picta
Family: Ericaceae
Pyrola of western
Rhododendron albiflorum
Family: Ericaceae
Rhododendron of moist
places in western
Montana mountains.
Vaccinum membranaceum
Family: Ericaceae
Mountain Huckleberry