Present Continuous and Present Simple for the future

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Transcript Present Continuous and Present Simple for the future

Present Continuous
and Present Simple for
the future
We use Present Continuous
-To talk about future actions that are already foreseen or
planned. In this case, we use an adverb or time expressions
like tonight, tomorrow, next year / week / month, at five
o’clock....
What are you doing next summer?
I am meeting him at the airport tomorrow at nine o’clock.
I am leaving Tokyo tomorrow morning at six o’clock.
(I already have my plane ticket.)
We use Present Continuous
- When we have already decided and arranged to do something:
A :What are you doing on Saturday evening? (not – What do
you do!)
B: I am going to the theatre. (not – I go...)
A: What time Chaty is arriving tomorrow?
B: Half past ten. I am meeting her at the station.
I am not working tomorrow. So, we can go out somewhere!
Ian isn’t playing football next Saturday. He’s hurt his leg.
We use Present Continuous
- For action just before you begin to do it. This happens
especially with verbs of movement: go, leave, arrive, come,
etc.
I am tired. I am going to bed! Goodnight!
Tina, are you ready yet? – Yes, I am coming!
We use Present Continuous
- For personal commitments that have previously planned,
for which preparations have already been made. (for
example, buying tickets, reserving seats, making
appointments, etc.)
Jane’s team are playing an important match next week.
(it is fixed date)
I am seeing them after the conference.
(I have an appointment with them.)
Ok, now something about usage
of Present Simple for future....
We use Present Simple
-To talk about timetables, progammes, etc. (for public
transport, cinemas, etc.)
My train leaves at 16:04. Will you take me to the station?
What time does the film begin this evening?
Tomorrow is Sunday.
We use Present Simple
- to talk about people if their plans are fixed like a
timetable (actions that are part of a timetable, for example
a holiday)
We arrive in Barcelona at four o’clock. We have dinner at the hotel.
We take a plane to Madrid at two p.m. the following day.
What time do you finish your job tomorrow?
I start my new job on Monday.
We use Present Simple
- The present Simple is also used in secondary sentences
introduced by if, when, as soon as, when in the main sentence
there is a future with WILL!!!
If his eyesight deteriorates, they will operate!
I will talk to him as soon as he arrives!
Now, let’s us compare Present
Continuous and Present Simple!
What time are you arriving?
I am going to the cinema this
evening.
Something that we arranged
at certain time!!!
What time does the train
arrive?
The film begins at 8:15 this
evening.
Something that is part of
timetable, programme, etc.!!!
Now, let’s us compare Present
Continuous and Be + going to +
Verb!
I am spending a couple of
days in New York. I have
booked a room in a hotel on
46th Street.
I am giving them a set of
cutlery as a weeding gift.
I am going to spend a couple
of days in New York.
I am going to give them a
wedding present.
I haven’t
yet arranged
anything.
I have
decided
andarranged
might even
bought
themy
present
already!
I have
already
everything
for
Something
weYork!
arranged
Shows my intention of doing
I have
aranged
what
to give as a present.
jurney
tothat
New
In detail!!!
something, but not something
that I have
arranged
in get
detail!!!
I haven’t
decided
what to
yet.