The Golden Age of Pericles and Achievements/Contributions of

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Transcript The Golden Age of Pericles and Achievements/Contributions of

Think about culture today…
What are some aspects of it that
can be traced back to the culture
of Ancient Greece?
The Golden Age of Pericles
• 460-429 B.C. (Between the Persian and Peloponnesian
• After the Persian Wars, Athens experienced a time of
prosperity and power
• This period of time saw the flourish of Greek culture,
including many contributions that are still prevalent to
this day in the Western World
• Expansion of Democracy
• Most adult males could vote
• Threat of banishment for not participating
• Athens and the Parthenon rebuilt after being
destroyed during the Persian Wars
The Golden Age was led by
a man named, Pericles, a
wise and able statesman
who led Athens through
this time
•He was honest and fair
•Skillful politician and
inspiring speaker
•Had popular support for 32
Three Goals for Greece During the
Golden Age
1.) Strengthen
2.) Strengthen the
3.) Glorify
1.) Strengthen Democracy
• Introduction of
Direct Democracy –
a form of government where the
citizens rule directly and not
through representatives
• Pericles extended Democracy so
that most adult males had an equal
voice in the government
2.) Strengthen the Empire
•Strengthened the Athenian navy –
became the most powerful in the
•Athens’ strong navy ensured the safety
of its empire
3.) Glorify Athens
• Pericles rebuilt Athens after the
destruction of the Persian Wars
• Built the Parthenon using marble,
gold and ivory
Greek Achievements – History
• Herodotus – Greek historian who is known as the “father of
• He wrote histories which were about the conflict between Persia
and Greece
• Thucydides – Greek historian who wrote “The History of the
Peloponnesian War,” the conflict between Athens and Sparta for
control of Greece
Greek Achievements – Literature
•Homer – famous,
blind story teller of
• His works were
composed into two
major epics known
as the “Iliad” and the
Achievements - Drama
•Greeks invented drama and built
the first theaters in the west
•Greeks wrote two kinds of plays:
• Tragedy – a serious drama about
themes like love, hate, war or
betrayal, written mainly by
Aeschylus and Sophocles
•Comedy – dramas filled with
humor and poked fun at customs
or respected people, written
mainly by Aristophanes
Achievements - Art
• Sculptors tried to create
graceful, strong and perfectly
formed art
• Tried to capture movement
and sculpted bodies in what
they thought was perfect
physical form
• Phidias – known as the
greatest Greek sculptor
• He designed the Parthenon
(the temple of the Goddess
• Sculpted the huge Statue of
Zeus at Olympus
Achievements – Architecture
• Greek architecture is known for the different types of
• Doric – very plain and simple; has no base
• Ionic – capitol (or top) has scrolls; base is decorative
• Corinthian – most decorative capitol; base is decorative
Achievements – Mathematics and
– famous ancient Greek mathematician who
discovered the principles of density and buoyancy
• Euclid – famous ancient Greek mathematician, who is known
as the father of Geometry
• Pythagoras – famous ancient Greek mathematician, who is
known as the father of numbers, as well as the development
of the Pythagorean Theory
• Archimedes
– physician known as the father of medicine and
one of the greatest physicians of his time; oath doctors must
take is named after him
• Hippocrates
Achievements – Philosophy
• Greek
Philosophers are known for their development and
contributions to the proverb “know thyself”
every aspect about yourself – your strengths, your
weaknesses, your potential, your shortcomings, etc.
• Know
• The
following philosophers are known as the founders of Western
• Socrates
• Credited with the creation of the Socratic Method – a form of
questioning and discussion between individuals, based on
asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking
• Plato
• A student of Socrates who recorded Socrates’ words, as well as
wrote The Republic, the first book on Political Science
• Aristotle
• A student of Plato who wrote, Poetics, Rhetoric, and Politics
• Teacher of Alexander the Great
Exit Ticket:
Think about culture today…
From what you have learned
today in class, what are some
aspects of our culture that can be
traced back to the culture of
Ancient Greece?