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Transcript Health_Care_Delivery_System

General Hospital
Facility where patients
are hospitalized a short
time (few days to a few
Provide a wide range of
diagnostic, medical,
surgical, and emergency
Most small town
hospitals are classified
as general hospitals
Specialty Hospitals
Provide care for
specific chronic
Patients are usually
hospitalized for a
long time.
Duke Children’s
Hospital in Durham
is one
Convalescent Care
Generally care for
elderly people who
need nursing services
and personal care
Examples: nursing
homes and long-term
care facilities
Extended Care Facility
This health care
facility functions
as a bridge
hospital and
home when no
longer acutely
Ambulatory Care / Clinics
Facilities where several
physicians with different
specialties combine their
This allows the patient
to have immediate
care for many different
Physician and Dental Facilities
Provides care that
promotes wellness and
diagnosis of illness
Services at most
medical offices include
examination, diagnosis,
and treatments
Simple surgery, bone
setting, counseling, and
administration of drugs
also take place here.
Optical Center
If you are having
vision problems,
you need to visit
an optical
Rehabilitation Centers
People who have been disabled by
sickness or injury can recover many
of their original abilities and relearn
activities of daily living (ADLs) by
seeking these services
Rehabilitation Center
Provide care for patients/ clients who
require physical therapy, (hydrotherapy
(treatments that use water therapy for
disease or injury), and other therapies for
loss of limb or organ function.
Rehabilitation Centers
They may receive prosthetics
(artificial part made for the body)
and learn how to use adaptive
Rehabilitation Centers
Patients may stay
in these facilities
or be treated on
an outpatient
basis (patient
does not require
hospitalization but
is under a
physician’s care.)
Health Maintenance
Organizations (HMO’s)
Stress wellness
(preventive health
care) and focus on
keeping a person
Provide health services
that include
hospitalization, basic
medical services, and
Home Health Care Agencies
Provide care in
the home for
patients who
need health
services but not
Home health
workers provide
care for all ages
Services include:
nursing, physical
therapy, personal
care (bathing,
dressing, etc.)
and homemaking
(cleaning, food
shopping, and
Senior Day Care
Provides care for those
elderly people who are
able to live at home
with their families but
need care when the
family is away.
Provides a place where
the elderly can be cared
for during the day
Senior Day Care
Provides activities,
rehabilitation, and
contact with other
The elderly are
given their
medications and
are aided in
World Health Organization
An international agency
sponsored by the United
Founded in 1948
Concerned with world
health problems and
publishes health
information, compiles
statistics, and
investigates serious
health problems
Hospice care
This organization helps care for terminally ill
patients (less than 6 months to live)
Most common diagnosis for these patients is
Philosophy is to help the terminally ill patient
live each day to the fullest - usually at home
Hospice (continued)
Patients are kept comfortable and free from
Involves family. Families are counseled and
helped in acceptance of the impending death
of a loved one. After the death, the family
has continuing
support for at
least a year.
Hospice (continued)
These facilities
usually need to
sponsor fundraising
activities to help
with expenses.
No one is turned
away due to
financial reasons!
Government Agencies
The federal,
state, and local
provide health
These services
are funded by
Veterans Administration
These hospitals are federally supported
and are known as government hospitals.
Provides care for veterans who served in
the armed forces
Ft. Bragg Arm Hospital is an example of a
government hospital
US Public Health
Is a federal agency that has 6 major
• Performing research for diseases that
kill, handicap, or cripple
• Preventing & treating alcohol and
drug abuse
• Preventing and controlling diseases
that are transmitted by insects,
animals, air, water, and people.
US Public Health
Department (continued)
FDA (Federal Drug
Administration Checks food and
drugs that
consumers purchase
for safety
Planning more
effective ways to
deliver health
Making quality
care available
and affordable
by encouraging
health personal
to work in
The Public Health
Provides services to local communities
Responsible for reporting communicable
diseases, public health nursing, health
education, environmental sanitation (methods
used to keep the environment clean
The Public Health
Department (continued)
Keeps records
immunization records,
health inspections,
birth records, and
death statistics.
Also provides
maternal and child
health services
Nonprofit / Volunteer
Supported by donations,
membership fees,
fundraisers, and federal
or state grants
Provide health services at
national, state, and local levels
Most focus on specific diseases or health
The American Red Cross and American
Heart Association are example of this type
of agency