E-learning - Telkom University

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Transcript E-learning - Telkom University

Introduction to E-Learning
N. Selviandro, M.Kom.
School of Computing Tekom University
 This chapter contains information on understanding the
fundamental concepts of e-learning.
 In this chapter, e-learning is defined and the advantages and
disadvantages of use are discussed.
 This chapter also describes corporate as well as the
elementary and secondary use of e-learning and explores
the impact of e-learning on the traditional school
Traditional Learning
 Traditional Learning vs E-Learning
Discussion Class
 What is e-learning?
What is E-Learning?
 E-learning is a means of education that incorporates selfmotivation, communication, efficiency, and technology.
 Because there is limited social interaction, students must keep
themselves motivated.
 The isolation intrinsic to e-learning requires students to
communicate with each other and the instructor frequently to
accomplish their assigned tasks.
What is E-Learning? (cont’d)
 E-learning is efficient as it eliminates distances and
subsequent commutes.
 Distance is eliminated because the e-learning content is
designed with media that can be accessed from properly
equipped computer terminals, and other means of Internet
accessible technology.
 E-learning is a flexible term used to describing a means of
teaching through technology.
Different Types of E-Learning
 The different types of e-learning are based on:
 Means of communication
 Schedule
 E-learning class structure
 Technologies used .
Discussion Class
 Implementation of e-learning in Indonesia?
Means of Communication
 There are several different means for individuals to
communicate with each other and their instructor.
 E-learning can be conducted solely through on-line
applications. In other cases, if distance is not a factor, some
face-to-face communication can be included to create
blended e-learning.
Discussion Class
 What is blended e-learning?
Means of Communication (cont’d)
 Blended e-learning includes elements of web interaction and
in-person interaction.
 Technology broadens the definition of face-to-face as there
can be the use of two way video, and two way audio.
Introducing these elements of participation create a blended
e-learning experience.
 E-learning can either be Synchronous or Asynchronous.
 Synchronous means that real-time communication is
implemented, such as video conferencing, teleconferencing,
and on-line chat programs.
 Asynchronous indicates that other means of communication
are utilized that do not require real time responses.
 Examples of asynchronous e-learning include; e-mail, list serves,
threaded discussions, blogs, and on-line forums.
E-Learning Class Structure
 E-learning class structure addresses how the instruction is
administered. E-learning can be self-paced, instructor-led, or
self-study with an expert.
 Self-paced instruction is administered by giving the learner the
materials: needs to complete the training/instruction.
 Instructor-led training affords the learner a guide to implement
the instruction.
 Self-study with an expert is a combination of self-paced and
E-Learning Class Structure (cont’d)
 As in self-paced, the learner is responsible for staying on
task and on schedule, however as in instructor-led, there is
interaction with an authority figure that checks the learners'
 Technology used to implement instruction is not limited to
web-based materials.
 E-learning can be achieved by utilizing any form of
technology that sustains information yielding media.
 Technology is the most variable element in e-learning. The
more advanced the technology becomes, the more options
there are to further e-learning.
E-Learning Evolution
The E-Learning Evolution
 In the early 1990s, many companies were using videotapebased training for their employees.
 Since it was obvious that video was not the best solution, a new
form of training evolved, CBT or Computer Based Training.
 Windows 3.1, Macintosh, CD-ROMs, PowerPoint marked the
technological advancement of the Multimedia Era.
 Although the CD-ROM Computer-Based Training made
advances toward the better, it still lacked the ability to track
employees' performance in a central database and was also
not as easy to upgrade.
The E-Learning Evolution (cont’d)
 All these problems would disappear with the use of the
Internet as a means of delivering content.
 The problem was, when the content was placed on the web, it
was simply text to begin with and maybe a few graphics.
 People in the field of e-learning began to realize that you
simply can not put information on the web without a learning
strategy for the users.
 One of the first innovations in actual e-learning was the
Discussion Class
 What is LMS?
The E-Learning Evolution (cont’d)
 One of the first innovations in actual e-learning was the LMS or
Learning Management System.
 This enabled schools and companies to place courses online and be
able to track students' progress, communicate with students
effectively and provide a place for real-time discussions.
 The eClassroom evolved shortly after, which are “...web-based
synchronous events with integrated CBT and simulations.”
 E-learning has come a very long way since its early days of
being text-based via the Web or CD-ROM. So what does the
future hold?
Discussion Class
 Advantages and disadvantages of e-learning?
Advantages of E-Learning
 E-learning is beneficial to education, corporations and to all
types of learners.
 It is affordable, saves time, and produces measurable results.
 E-learning is more cost effective than traditional learning because
less time and money is spent traveling.
 Flexibility is a major benefit of e-learning.
 E-learning has the advantage of taking class anytime anywhere.
 Students like e-learning because it accommodates different
types of learning styles.
Advantages of E-Learning (cont’d)
 Learners can fit e-learning into their busy schedule. If they
hold a job, they can still be working with e-learning.
 E-learning encourages students to peruse through
information by using hyperlinks and sites on the worldwide
 E-learning helps students develop knowledge of the Internet.
 E-learning is flexible and can be customized to meet the
individual needs of the learners.
Disadvantages of E-Learning
 One disadvantage of e-learning is that learners need to have
access to a computer as well as the Internet.
 They also need to have computer skills with programs such as
word processing, Internet browsers, and e-mail.
 Without these skills and software it is not possible for the student
to succeed in e-learning.
 Slow Internet connections or older computers may make
accessing course materials difficult.
Disadvantages of E-Learning (cont’d)
 E-learning also requires just as much time for attending
class and completing assignments as any traditional
classroom course.
 Another disadvantage of e-learning is that students may feel
isolated from the instructor.
E-Learning Characteristics
 Self-Managing
 Feedback-Interactivity
 Multimedia-Learners Style
 Just in Time
 Dynamic Updating
 Easy Accessibility / Access Ease
 Collaborative Learning.
E-Learning Application
 Content Management:
 Learning Management System
 Learning Content Management System
 Communication and Collaboration Tools
 Assessment Management.
 LMS and LCMS.
 Is there any differences between LMS and LCMS?
 Review at least 3 (three) LMS applications/softwares and/or
E-Learning Content Management
E-Learning Content
E-Learning Portal
E-Learning Roadmap