Transcript Stress

Chapter 17
What is stress?
Arousal of one’s mind and body in response to
demands made upon them
Eustress-positive stress that keep people alert and
involved in taking on a challenge or reaching for a
Distress- intense pressure or anxiety that can have
severe psychological effects
– When stress is too severe or prolonged, it can strain a
person’s ability to adjust to various situations
– Can impair ability to experience pleasure or cause health
– Should seek counseling in these situations
Source of Stress
Frustration- being blocked from obtaining
a goal
Daily Hassles result from feelings of
tension nervous worry and sadness
Life Changes- Moving, serious illness,
Conflict- Being pulled in different directions
Physical Effects of Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome
The Alarm Reaction
– Body is in high alert
– heart beating faster
– breath quicker
– muscles are tense
Fight or flight mode
Adrenaline and noradrenaline arouse the
body to help cope with the stress
Physical Effects of Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome
Resistance Stage
If stress is not removed, the body copes,
Hormones released but at lower levels,
strain continues, body continues balance
Physical Effects of Stress
General Adaptation Syndrome
Exhaustion Stage
– Body stops producing hormones, heart and
breathing slow down
– As you reach this breaking point, the body
begins to break down, health problems
Immune system- stops producing white
blood cells leads to illness, heart disease,
even cancer may occur (leading cause of
death in the U.S.)