Hinduism and Buddhism

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Transcript Hinduism and Buddhism

• Do you know any veterans? Will you say thank
you to them today?
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• Check the no remediation list on the board to see
if you’re on it!! 
• Get ready for your outline quiz on Chapter 3
section 2!
• BJOTD: What’s green and sings?
Hinduism and Buddhism
Foundations of Hinduism
• Cannot be traced to a single founder. The
ideas that shape Hinduism formed over time,
as the cultures of the Aryans blended with the
non-Aryans in India
• “I bow to the divine in you”
• All things on earth are considered
to be part of Brahman (the
Supreme Cosmic Spirit): everyone
and everything has something of
the divine in them.
Key Characteristics (according to the
• Rigid caste system in religious
law based on occupations
• Believed in many gods that are
ALL forms of Brahman (the major
– Monotheistic
• Karma: the knowledge that
all thoughts and actions
result in future
– Do good dharma to get good
– Dharma: the right thing to do
in any situation—how one
should act
• Reincarnation: rebirth based
on your karma
• Moksha: release from the
cycle of reincarnation and
reuniting with Brahman (the
goal of Hinduism)
• Spread out along major trade routes
throughout Asia
• Sacred writings: Vedas and Upanishads
Vedas & Upanishads
• Vedas: 4 collections of prayers, spells,
instructions for rituals
– ex. Rig Veda: 1028 hymns devoted to Aryan gods
• Upanishads: written as conversations between
student and teacher (upa-near, ni-down, shadto sit)
– Purpose: to understand Vedas and discussion of
how to achieve moksha (freedom of suffering and
desires—a state of understanding all things)
• Why do Hindus bow and say Namaste when
they meet each other?
• Describe how a Hindu can achieve moksha.
Hindu Castes
• Rules:
– I will give everyone a caste and you will report to
your respective corners
– There you will play rock, paper, scissors with other
people in your caste
– The winner will be “reincarnated” into a higher
caste and the loser will be “reincarnated” into a
lower caste
– Once you have reached “Moksha” (above a
Brahmin) you will sit down
• Which caste had the most people in it? Why is
that so?
• What action determined where you would go
next? What aspect of Hinduism does that
• Did you find the game fair?
• What problems do you see regarding this
• Founded by Siddhartha Gautama,
who grew up as a Hindu in a part
of India that is present-day Nepal
• Born a rich prince, he discovered
suffering after leaving his palace
and exploring the neighboring
• He devoted his life to searching
– Enlightenment: search for religious
truth and wisdom
– An end to suffering
Key Characteristics (based on the
enlightenment of Buddha)
• 4 Noble Truths
– Everything in life is suffering and sorrow
– The cause of all suffering is the selfish desires of
– The way to end all suffering is to end all desire
– The way to overcome all desire and attain
enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path, or
the Middle Way between desires and self-denial
• Eightfold Path—the way to achieve
• By following the
Eightfold Path, one
could reach total
enlightenment, or
Nirvana, which was
Buddha’s word for
the release from
selfishness, pain and
the cycle of rebirth.
Spreading of Buddhism
•Buddhism became a
major religion when
Ashoka sent missionaries
from India to China and
other parts of Asia
• Draw a Venn Diagram showing the similarities
and differences between Hinduism and
• Consider both religions’
– Founder/origins
– Major beliefs
– Views on the Afterlife