The Communist Revolution

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Transcript The Communist Revolution

Communist Revolution
Civil War (1946-1949)
 Nationalists (leader
was Chiang KaiShek) versus
(leader was Mao
 1949: Communists
captured Beijing
 Mao announced
birth of People’s
Republic of China
 Chiang retreated to
Chiang Kai-Shek
Mao Zedong
Why the Communists Won
Communists gained the support
of the Chinese people, who
approved the guerrilla-like
tactics of the Communist Army.
Communists blocked supply
lines and railroad tracks to the
Nationalist troops.
Promised to end oppression by
the landlords on the poor by
giving land reforms
Promised to end foreign
Called for industrialization
Promised China would become
a world leader
Propaganda Picture of Mao
A New Order
In theory, there were…
 Free elections
 Free speech
 Free press
In reality, it was a…
 One party dictatorship
(totalitarian rule)
Propaganda used to
foster support for
Chairman Mao
 Obedience and loyalty to
Chairman Mao
 Chairman Mao has all the
 Little Red Book
Example of Propaganda
This Chinese poster from 1966 depicts a soldier reading Mao Zedong's
Little Red Book. The slogan under the poster translates as "Warriors
love reading Chairman Mao's books most." The use of role models in
posters was common during the Cultural Revolution. Soldiers of the
People's Liberation Army typified the values of loyalty and obedience the
leadership sought to promote. In time, the military itself became
responsible for much of the propaganda artwork that was disseminated
during the period.
Land Reforms
Early 1950s
 CCP (Chinese Communist Party): Gave away
landowners’ land to peasants who had little or none
 Perhaps 3 million people were executed as members
of the exploitative landlord class.
Late 1950s
 Collectivization of agriculture: goal was to eliminate
private farms in favor of collective farms in order to
speed industrialization
○ Members worked for the state and received a share of the
○ Rest of harvest went to the government
"Chinese Communist Party." World
History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO,
2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2012.
 "Chinese Communist Revolution." World
History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO,
2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2012.
 "Mao Zedong." World History: The
Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 23
Feb. 2012.