Effect in Second World War II

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Transcript Effect in Second World War II

WORLD WAR 2 (1939 - 1945)
One of the most gruesome Wars of all time, World War 2 is
best known for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by
the United States and the Holocaust―the genocide of six
million European Jews by Nazi Germany. However, there do
exist several facts about it which continue to elude most of
the people out there. World War 2 was fought between two
military alliances: the Allies, which comprised the Soviet
Union, United States of America, United Kingdom, and
other nations, and the Axis, made up of Germany, Japan,
Italy, etc.
• The Last Unit we discussed:
• The war began on September 1, 1939, when the
German forces invaded Poland, and in retaliation,
France and other European nations attacked
Germany. It went on for six years before
culminating with a victory for the Allies on
September 2, 1945. By then though, the damage
was already done and the effects of this six-yearlong conflict had become more than obvious. It
took a long time for the affected countries to
They say history repeats itself, which is what happened when
Germany and its allies were trounced in the Second World War. If
the effects of World War 1 were gruesome, those of World War 2
were a lot worse. Somewhere between 22 - 25 million soldiers
and 38 - 55 million civilians lost their lives. Additionally, many
more were left homeless. It is estimated that around 6 million
Jews were killed in the Holocaust, the systemic state-sponsored
genocide orchestrated by Adolf Hitler. Other than Jews, nonJewish Poles and Slavs, Romanian gypsies, and even homosexuals
were killed in large numbers in this genocide only because they
were considered inferior.
Several European and Asian countries had to bear the brunt of
this war. The territorial borders of European countries were
redrawn. The biggest beneficiary in terms of territorial expansion
was the Soviet Union, which annexed parts of Finland, Poland,
Japan, Germany, and some independent states to its territories.
The worst affected nation was Germany, which was divided into
four parts; one each was held by France, United States, Soviet
Union, and Great Britain. The initial plans put forth by the United
States for Germany were very harsh. They were only relaxed
after they realized that the revival of Europe was not possible
without the revival of German industrial base.
Post World War 2, the Allied Forces came together to form the
United Nations―an organization formed to promote peace and
security in the world.The newly formed organization outlawed wars
of aggression to ensure that a third world war doesn't happen.The
Paris Peace Treaty was signed on February 10, 1947, allowing countries
like Italy, Bulgaria, and Finland to resume as sovereign states in
international affairs and become members of the United Nations.The
Treaty also included provisions for the payment of war reparations
and post-war territorial adjustments.
On the flip side, World War 2 marked the end of dictatorship in
Europe. While Mussolini was captured and shot dead on April 28,
1945, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945. Emperor Hirohito
was not prosecuted by the Allied Powers as General Douglas
MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, thought
that his cooperation was necessary for the administration of Japan.
The Allied Forces held the Nuremberg trials wherein the top brass
of Nazi Germany―except for Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph
Goebbels―were prosecuted.
As for the economic effects of World War 2, it did have some
positives, but they were by no means a match for the havoc this
war created. The numerous jobs created during the war brought
an end to the employment crisis during the Great Depression.
While those industries that manufactured the products required
during the war flourished, other industries suffered a major
setback. The European economy was almost brought to a standstill
during the Second World War. It took quite some time for the
world to revive after the war came to an end on September 2,
1945; that though, was only after millions of people lost their lives.
Most important of all, World War 2 put forth the United States and
Soviet Union as the super powers of the world. If World War 1 laid the
foundation for World War 2, the latter laid the foundation for the Cold
War between the United States and Soviet Union which lasted for 44
years between 1947 and 1991.
When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States retaliated
with full military force; even going to the extent of using atomic bombs
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Had Japan not attacked Pearl Harbor,
perhaps things would have had happened differently.
• Socially
• Economically
• Environmentally
• Baby Boomers
• After the war, there was a large population growth
in the world. 77 million American was born during
this period. However, now that baby boomers
became older and requires extended health care.
Baby boomers comprise nearly 27% of the US
population as of today.
• Reconstruction cost After the war, most countries
encountered heavy losses in agricultural, industrial
and especially economical.
• The government had to spend lots of money to
rebuild their industrial and infrastructure
• Unbalanced between light and heavy manufacturing
efforts when the war ended, light and heavy
industry efforts became unbalanced and that
caused serious trouble for society.
• Atomic bomb dropped at Hiroshima and
Nagasaki At the time of explosion, people
within diameter of 500 meters were
instantly vaporized, and around 80,000
people was killed instantly, total casualty
was around 135000 people.
• After the Second World War, there were many
negative aspects of that war that affect our lives
even today - such as baby boomers, unbalanced
between light and heavy manufacture, and
environmental/technology advancements and
damage caused by atomic bomb.
• There is continued world conflicts and political
views of government/people rights.
• Genocide is still occurring.