The Holocaust: Over Twelve Years of Fear

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Transcript The Holocaust: Over Twelve Years of Fear

 Answer this question:
 1 costs $0.50
 12 costs $1.00
 215 costs $1.50
 What is it?
Question: What do you
already know about the
Definition: Holocaust = the
mass slaughter or reckless
destruction of life…
 “The Holocaust” happened in
Europe from 1933 to 1945.
 Only 70 years ago…
 Millions killed including Jews and
non-Jews alike
What do you see?
What does it tell you?
Before 1933 and at the start of
the Holocaust, Germany was
unstable in a lot of different
A. Upset about losing WW1
B. Hard to find jobs
C. Hoped Government would
solve problems
D. Suspicious of outsiders
 In 1929, Stock Market crash
leads to Great Depression
 Massive Unemployment (42%)
and inflation
 In 1933, Adolf Hitler was
appointed Chancellor of
 Promised a proud new
Germany, and blamed the
“Germans defend yourselves
against Jewish atrocity
(evilness), buy only at
German shops!”
-Hitler later declared himself
“The Fuhrer” (Leader) which
allowed him to act without
-Hitler believed in “Master
Race” called “Aryan”
-Characteristics: Blond hair,
Blue eyes, Tall, Strong,
Look at a photograph of Adolf Hitler. How are his beliefs ironic?
 The Nazis thought some people were inferior,
Jehovah’s Witnesses
People who were mentally or physically handicapped
 Why do you think Hitler targeted these groups?
 Citizenship was revoked;
Kicked out of schools
 Doctors, lawyers, or people who
owned businesses were
forbidden to do their work.
 Park benches and the beaches
had signs saying, “No Jews
 Life improved for Nazis
 Jobs were taken from “Non-
aryans” and given to Nazis
 Nazi sympathizes were given
more food and supplies
 Offered a sense of pride and
 They convinced some
Germans that people who
were different were subhuman.
 They used the mass media,
like radios and newspapers,
to spread Propaganda.
 How is this poster
propaganda for the Nazis?
 In November 1938, Nazis
began to use violence.
 For two days all over the
country, they destroyed Jewish
businesses, and burnt down
the synagogues.
 Homes were broken into.
People were beaten. About
30,000 people were arrested,
and many were never seen
 Hitler and the Nazis wanted to control all of
Europe, so in 1939, Germany invaded
Poland, and World War II began.
 Soon Germany invaded many other
countries. By 1941, they had over taken
Poland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Denmark, and Norway.
 The Nazis made all Jews move out of their
homes and into ghettos…gated areas to
live. The ghettos in Europe were dirty and
crowded. Food was scarce, and many
people were sick and dying.
 In January 1942, The “Final
Solution was created”
 Goal: Kill all 11 million Jews in
 The Nazis built death camps.
They wanted to keep their
homeland “pure,” so most of the
death camps were in Poland.
 The largest death camp was
called Auschwitz.
 The War ended in 1945
when Allied
(American) forces
invaded Berlin
 By then, 6 million
people had already
been killed
 Motto: “Never Again”
Explain what this quote means and how it relates to the
experiences of the Jewish people during World War II.