WWII Causes - Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District
Transcript WWII Causes - Fairfield-Suisun Unified School District
mid-1920s with the worldwide overproduction
of farm products
resulting lower prices and profits for farmers.
October, 1929 the U.S. stock market “crashed,”
investors panicked, pulled their money out of
sold their U.S. stocks at cut-rate prices,
unemployment & numbers of homeless
Lost Faith in Democracy
Discouraged masses began following dictatorial
political leaders who offered “simple solutions” to
Germany- Weimar Republic collapsed
How does a bad economy allow dictators to rise to
Benito Mussolini became dictator
of Italy as head of the Fascist
Party pro-militarism, one-party
rule, single leader, patriotic and
Mussolini formed bands of armed
Fascists (squadristi, Blackshirts) to
attack Socialist Groups
Extreme Right Wing
Middle class industrialists & large
landowners supported Mussolini.
Fascists threatened to march on Rome,
so King Victor Emmanual III made Mussolini the prime
“Il Duce” created a dictatorship that suspended freedom of
the press, made laws by decree, had one-party rule, gave
police unrestricted authority
What are some Fascist Ideals?
fascist youth groups was to
create a new generation fit,
disciplined and militaristic.
Schools pushed propaganda.
traditional roles of women as
homemakers and mothers.
Lateran Accords = Catholicism as the
state religion. In return the pope urged Italians to
support the Fascists.
After Lenin Death 1924 power
struggle between Trotsky and
Stalin Takes power in 1928
1928 started first Five-Year Plan
(economic goals for five-year
It emphasized maximum
production of arms, capital goods,
oil & steel production.
quest for power and paranoid personality led him to
remove all opponents
Eight million Russians were arrested
confess sent to labor camps (gulags) and/or executed.
Write 2 similarities and differences between Stalin and
He was an ultra-nationalist
(German “master race of Aryans”),
anti-Semitic racist, anticommunist, militarist and
Gifted orator who effectively used
the political party, propaganda and
Early uprising crushed Hitler was
wrote Mein Kampf, which explained the
Social Darwinian theory of struggle and
the right of Germans to
After prison, he greatly expanded his party’s
membership throughout Germany.
By 1932, the Nazis were largestpolitical party in the
Unemployment and depression made extremists more
popular. Right-wing elites looked to Hitler.
What allowed Hitler to take full power legally?
1933, Pres Hindenburg appointed
Hitler as chancellor.
Reichstag building was burned and a
“legal seizure”of govt. with Enabling
Government jobs were purged of Jews
Concentration camps created for
Hindenburg died in 1934,
presidency abolished & Hitler
Public required to pledge total
loyalty to him as “Fuhrer.”
Nazi goal was create a totalitarian
Aryan racial state of the Third
Nuremberg Laws excluded Jews
from German citizenship, from
marriage to Gentiles and were
Stars of David.
burned synagogues, destroyed
Jews were barred from public
transportation, buildings, schools,
hospitals & prohibited from owning
or working in stores.
Why did Hitler start promoting anti-Semitic views as
opposed to going straight into the Holocaust
1935 creation of the Luftwaffe
(air force), the draft and
expansion of the army from
100,000 to 550,000 troops.
sent troops into the
Britain began policy of
League of Nations weak failed
to enforce restrictions of
In 1935, he invaded Ethiopia &
was condemned by Western
LoN does nothing
What are some things that made the L o N so weak?
In 1936, Germany & Italy helped Francisco Franco win
Spanish Civil War and started an alliance, the RomeBerlin Axis.
General Francisco Franco
overthrew the republican govt.
w. the help of the fascist
regimes of Italy & Germany
and set up a dictatorship which
supported clergy and the rich.
The Soviets and international
volunteers unsuccessfully aided
Spain became testing ground for new weapons &
strategies of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force.) Pablo
Picasso’s painting of “Guernica” reflected the
suffering caused by the bombings.
In 1938, Hitler forced the Austrian chancellor to put
Nazis in power.
New govt. “invited” German troops in &
Hitler demanded the Sudetenland (part of
Given this land by Western Nations
appeased Hitler in return for his promise to not make
British PM Neville Chamberlain called it “peace for our
1939, Hitler took Western Czechoslovakia
Eastern portion was turned into the “puppet state” of
to Parliament after Czechoslovakia’s betrayal at the
“We are in the presence of a disaster of the first
magnitude… And do not suppose that this is the end.
This is only the beginning…”
What lands did Hitler take and how did he justify the
taking of each?
After Hitler demanded port city of Danzig, Britain
promised to protect new independent country of
from Nazi aggression.
Fearful of a two-front war,
Hitler signed the peace
alliance with USSR
Stalin was promised
control of east Poland and
the Baltic states
September 1, 1939 Hitler
attacked Poland. Britain &
WWII had begun!
September 1, 1939 Hitler attacked Poland. Britain &
WWII had begun!