UNFCCC Training Materials_Communication

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Transcript UNFCCC Training Materials_Communication

Expectation from the Training Material
 After having read this Presentation, in combination with the related
handbook, the reader should:
 Have an overview the relevant provisions under the
Convention on reporting information on V&A from non-Annex I
 Have a basic understanding on how to effectively present the
results of the V&A assessment taking into account the target
and audience of the report.
 Review COP decision on V&A reporting
 Discuss general guidance for reporting
 Address reporting on:
 Methods
 Vulnerability
 Adaptation
 Final thoughts
UNFCCC Decision 17/CP.8 Reporting Guidelines
 32. Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to
provide information on the scope of their
vulnerability and adaptation assessment,
including identification of vulnerable areas that
are most critical
 33. Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to
include a description of approaches,
methodologies and tools used, including
scenarios for the assessment of impacts of, and
vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change,
as well as any uncertainties inherent in these
UNFCCC Decision 17/CP.8 Reporting Guidelines
 34. Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to
provide information on their vulnerability to the
impacts of, and their adaptation to, climate change
in key vulnerable areas. Information should include
key findings, and direct and indirect effects arising
from climate change, allowing for an integrated
analysis of the country’s vulnerability to climate
 35. Non-Annex I Parties are encouraged to
provide information on and, to the extent possible,
an evaluation of, strategies and measures for
adapting to climate change, in key areas, including
those which are of the highest priority.
UNFCCC Decision 17/CP.8 Reporting Guidelines
 36. Where relevant, Parties may report on
the use of policy frameworks, such as
national adaptation programmes, plans
and policies for developing and
implementing adaptation strategies and
 Definition:
 The exchange of thoughts, messages, or
information, by speech, visuals, signals, writing
or behavior.
 Two-way process of reaching mutual
understanding, in which participants not only
exchange information but also create and share
 Communication requires a sender, a message
and a recipient, although the receiver need not
be present or aware of the sender's intent to
communicate at the time of communication;
 Can occur across vast distances in time and
 The communication process is complete once
the receiver has understood the message of the
 The purpose could be to generate action,
inform, create understanding or communicate
certain ideas or points.
 The National Communication (NC) needs to clearly
communicate vulnerability and adaptation findings
 Fine to describe methods and results of analyses
 But, needs to synthesize and integrate results
 The NC needs to clearly communicate:
 Who and what is vulnerable
 How that may vary across time and geographic
 Who will be adapting to climate change
 What is needed to be done to adapt
 Where and when
First Thing: Remember Purpose
 Who is the audience for the NC?
 What kind of information do they need?
 How can it most effectively be presented to
Create a Simple Communications Plan
 Use best-practice approaches from the
communications industry
 Carefully consider:
 Communication objectives
 Audience Analysis
 Key Messages
 Communication Tools
 Action Plan
Reporting on Methods
 National communications should include a
description of methods used:
 Remembering that the audience may be nontechnical
 The description should be concise
 Details can be left to appendices or
supporting documents
Example: Jamaica’s Second National Communication
Reporting on Vulnerabilities
 Clearly presenting results
 Presenting who and what is most vulnerable
 The key is:
 Organization
 Clarity
 Simplicity
 No ambiguity
Example: Mongolia, Second National Communication
Example: Bhutan’s Second National Communication
Example: Vietnam’s Second National Communication
Closed tropical moist semi-d deciduous forests distribution changes,
climate change scenario B2
Reporting Adaptation Results
 The same key principles apply:
 Organization
 Clarity
 Simplicity
 Present identified adaptations in a clear manner
 Evaluate or rank adaptations options
 Consider possible effectiveness within your
Example: Guinea-Bissau Second National Communication
Extract from Table 34: Strategies and adaptation measures envisaged
Example: Antigua and Barbuda Second National Communication
Helpful Resources
 Communication as a Reform Tool for the UN
 www.unssc.org/web1/programmes/sc/docu
 A European Association for the Promotion of
Science and Technology Website
 www.euroscience.org/sciencecommunication,33521,en.html
 Communicating climate change: A toolbox for
local organisations in the Caribbean
 http://www.canari.org/documents/Communic
 All communications, intentional or
unintentional, have some effect.
 Communication that produces the desired
effect or result is effective communication.
 Effective communication generates the
desired effect, maintains effect and
serves its purpose for which it was
planned or designed.
 Effective communication also ensures
that message distortion does not take
place during the communication process.
 A clear synthesis and reporting of results is
 Analytic methods exist for analyzing and
ranking adaptations
 National Communications should report on
 Methods
 Vulnerabilities
 Adaptation measures
 Simple methods for reporting results can be
most effective in clearly communicating them.