The political framework

download report

Transcript The political framework

EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The political framework
http://ec.europa.eu
The Leipzig Charter
The Green Paper on territorial cohesion
Europe 2020
The Toledo declaration
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The Leipzig Charter
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Implementing the Leipzig Charter
• Principles / Recommendations
– Making greater use of integrated urban development
policy approaches
– That special attention is paid to deprived neighbourhoods
within the context of the city as a whole
http://ec.europa.eu
• Among key related issues… need for 4 types of cooperation:
– Transversal (across sectoral departments)
– Vertical (multilevel)
– Horizontal: multi-territorial
(between cities, urban/rural, metropolitan)
– Horizontal: multi-actors
(involving citizens and all actors concerned)
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Strategies for action
/ integrated urban development policy approaches
• Creating and ensuring high quality public spaces
reference to Baukultur needed for the whole city
• Modernizing infrastructure networks
• Improving energy efficiency
• Proactive innovation and education policies
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Strategies for action /
focus on deprived neighbourhoods
• Pursuing strategies for upgrading the physical
environment
Reference to healthy, suitable and affordable housing
• Strengthening the local and social economy and local
labour market policy / citizen-friendly services
• Promotion of efficient and affordable urban transport
… to better integrate these neighbourhoods into the city
and the region as a whole
http://ec.europa.eu
• Proactive education and training policies for children
and young people
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Sub-themes and issues
A sustainable city should be complex in terms of
functions
•
•
A sustainable city should be socially cohesive
Promote the relevant use of information and
communication technologies (ICT) in different fields
Improve the technical infrastructure (e.g. for water
supply, waste-water treatment, waste management)
Foster the economic use of natural resources
Exploit the city’s knowledge potential, inter alia,
social and intercultural dialogue & social and democratic
participation
•
•
•
http://ec.europa.eu
•
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The Green Paper on territorial cohesion
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Territorial Cohesion is in the Lisbon Treaty
What is it about?
–
ensuring harmonious, sustainable and
polycentric development
–
enabling citizens and enterprises
to make the most of the inherent features of
different territories
•
to benefit from and contribute to European
integration + the Single Market
•
wherever they happen to live or operate
--> 4 Key areas for fostering Territorial Cohesion
http://ec.europa.eu
•
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
1. Cooperation between territories
http://ec.europa.eu
Integrated strategies in cross-border regions and macroregions: cities are concerned!
Possible options
– Cooperation in strategic policy documents
– Better coordination across borders, within multi-level
governance
– EGTC, e.g. for cross border agglomerations
– Focus on external dimension
Interregional cooperation:
– Linking network activities to mainstream in OPs
("Regions for Economic Change" approach)
– Enhancing networking on territorial and urban issues
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
2. Territorial programming
Necessity to increase support
• for integrated local development initiatives in diverse
contexts (urban, rural, urban-rural …)
• at the appropriate geographical level, preferably
functional areas (e.g.: metropolitan)
Possible options
– Mandatory territorial dimension in NSRFs and OPs
http://ec.europa.eu
– Providing greater flexibility in designing programmes
(multi regional)
– Improving the partnership approach - direct
involvement of local authorities
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
3. Coordination of policies with territorial impact
Need for horizontal coordination at each level; vertical
coordination between levels
http://ec.europa.eu
Possible options:
– Greater territorial dimension in the EU2020 Strategy
– Improved coordination of funds; describing
coordination procedures in EU Strategic Guidelines and
National Strategic Reference Frameworks
– Territorial and urban monitoring within the strategic
follow-up
– Integrated methodological framework to analyse
territorial impacts (ESPON, Territorial Agenda)
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
4. Evidence-based policy making
• Ability to measure diverse assets as well as
constraints of territories
• Need to go below NUTS 2
http://ec.europa.eu
Possible options:
– Encouraging use of existing data and analysis: Urban
Audit, Urban Atlas, ESPON
– Refined data sets and new territorial indicators, in
close cooperation with national Statistical Offices.
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Europe 2020
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The Europe 2020 Strategy
Three interlocking and mutually reinforcing priority areas:
• Smart growth, developing an economy based on
knowledge and innovation;
• Sustainable growth, promoting a low-carbon, resourceefficient and competitive economy;
• Inclusive growth, fostering a high-employment
economy delivering social and territorial cohesion
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Five EU-level targets
http://ec.europa.eu
Progress to be measured against EU targets,
to be translated into national targets by Member States:
• 75% of the population aged 20-64 should be employed
• 3% of the EU's GDP should be invested in R&D
• The "20/20/20" climate/energy targets should be met
• The share of early school leavers should be <10%
(currently 15%) and at least 40% of the younger
generation should have a tertiary degree (currently 31%;
US 40% and Japan 50%)
• 20 million people less at risk of poverty
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
A series of flagship initiatives (1)
• Innovation union - re-focussing R&D and innovation
policy on major challenges
• Youth on the move - enhancing the quality and
international attractiveness of Europe's higher education
system by promoting student and young professional
mobility.
• A digital agenda for Europe. All Europeans should
have access to high speed internet by 2013.
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
A series of flagship initiatives (2)
http://ec.europa.eu
• An agenda for new skills and jobs – creating the
conditions for modernising labour markets, with a view to
raising employment levels and ensuring the sustainability
of our social models
• European platform against poverty - ensuring
economic, social and territorial cohesion by helping the
poor and socially excluded and enabling them to play an
active part in society.
• Resource-efficient Europe - supporting the shift
towards a resource efficient and low-carbon economy
(2020 targets). An industrial policy for green growth
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The Toledo declaration
http://ec.europa.eu
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
Foster / Achieve / Use / Implement
• Smarter, more sustainable and socially inclusive urban
development
• Common understanding of the integrated approach
• The strategic potential of integrated urban regeneration
• Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities
• Strengthening the urban dimension of cohesion policy
• Greater coherence between territorial and urban issues
• Better coordination of urban research and exchange
• Address climate change and demographic change as major
urban challenges.
http://ec.europa.eu
• Sustainable urban development at all levels
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
REGIONAL POLICY
The Ministers welcomed …
• “Considering the most important challenges that
European cities will face in the future,
• The Ministers welcomed the European Commission’s
initiative for a reflection process on the challenges and
models for the cities of tomorrow.
http://ec.europa.eu
• The Ministers also supported Hungary’s initiative, to
open a topic-based discussion on two of the major
challenges that Europe’s cities will face in the future:
climate change […] and the impact of demographic
changes.”