CaPP - Germanwatch

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Poverty Reduction and Adaptation to
Climate Change:
Synergies and Contradiction
Reinhard Wolf, GTZ
Climate Protection Programme
for Developing Countries (CaPP)
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Poverty reduction as overarching
task of German development policy
 derived from the shared goals of the
international community
 Millennium Declaration and the eight
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
 Program of Action 2015: Germany's strategy
paper
 Definition of poverty (not solely by low
income)
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Negative impacts of climate change
are more severely felt
by poor people and poor countries
Deaths from droughts and related
famines
International Disaster Database 1992-2001
/ Ian Noble/WB
• 􀂾 High income
0
• 􀂾 Upper-middle
few 10s
• 􀂾 Lower-middle
few 1000s
• 􀂾 Lowest incomes many 100,000s
 There are clear synergies between
successful climate change adaptation
and poverty reduction
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GTZ approach : mainstreaming
• screening of GTZ supported projects
• Initiation of (small) pilot projects, which are
integrated into ongoing large scale development
programmes
– India, Tunesia, and Benin on Watershed
Management / Agriculture, combat
desertification
– Mozambique and Nicaragua: Desaster Risk
Management / Early warning systems
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Possible contradictions
• construction of unappropriate dams to prevent
floods or protect coastal areas
• Maladaptation: introduction of drought resistant
crop varieties which are, however, also prone to
diseases
• introduction of shrimp farming for income
generation, for which mangrove forest, vital for
coastal protection, are destroyed
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Outlook and open
questions
• uncertainties with regard to regional trends
of climate change
uncertainties with regard to cost –
benefit of climate change interventions
• For successful „mainstreaming“ of
adaptation, „real“ additional funds are
required
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