Marché des GES

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Transcript Marché des GES

Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities
for Establishing a North Anerican Emissions
Trading System
Overview of Quebec’s
Initiatives and Directions
November 14th, 2007
Jean-Yves Benoit
Economist
Climate Change Office
- Context •
Quebec’s emissions increased by 6,6 % during the 1990 to 2003 period –
from 85,3 Mt to 90,9 Mt
– Lowest emission increase in Canada (6.6 % vs. 24.1%)
– Lowest per capita emission rate (12.1 tons vs. 26,9 tons for the rest of
Canada)
•
•
94 % of Quebec’s electricity comes from renewable sources (hydro)
Industrial sector reduced its emissions by approximately 7 % between 1990
and 2003 while the LFE reduced their emissions by more than 9%
Mandatory capture and flaring of biogaz in large landfill sites since 1994
•
- Quebec’s initiatives •
Quebec Public Transit Policy - 2006
– Increase demand by 8% by 2012
•
Quebec 2006-2015 Energy Strategy
– 10% wind power by 2015 (4 000 MW)
– Add 4 500 MW of hydro power
– Energy saving targets of 3 million TOE by 2015:
• 350 million cubic meters of natural nas by 2012
• 2 millions TOE of petrolium products (10% of Québec’s consumption)
• 8 TWh of electricity
– 5 % second generation gthanol in all gasoline by 2012
- Quebec’s initiatives •
Quebec 2006-2012 Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP)
– Target: reduce GHG emissions by 10 Mt by 2012
•
Carbon Levy
– 1,2 billion dollars (200 M$ per years for six years) to finance Quebec’s CCAP
•
Canada’s ecoTrust for air quality and climate change
– 350 M$ (one time) federal contribution to Quebec
– Will permit an additional 3,8 Mt GHG reduction in 2012
– Quebec’s emissions to be 6% below 1990 by 2012
- Quebec and the Carbon Market •
•
GHG emissions inventory since 1989 and mandatory declaration (2007)
Volontary approach with the LFE under evaluation
•
Regional initiatives :
– Observer on the RGGI and the WCI
– Member of The Climate Registry since October
•
Design aspects Quebec is looking for :
– Recognition of early actions
– Promote the development and recognize renewable energy (large hydro and
wind)
– Should not penalize or discourage regional environmental regulation
– Montreal Climate Exchange (MCeX)
Merci
Site Internet de la campagne de sensibilisation « Le changement climatique : vous pouvez le maîtriser » de la Communauté européenne
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/campaign/