Jaume Fons, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

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Transcript Jaume Fons, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

ESPON EU-LUPA
European Land use Patterns
ESPON 2013 Programme – Open Seminar
“European Territorial Evidence for EU Cohesion Policy and
Programming”
13-14 June 2012 - Aalborg, Denmark
Session 2 - Workshop 7
Environmental Resources, Climate Change and Risk Prevention
Challenges
Given the complexity of process that drives land uses and land uses
changes, a complete understanding requires consistent framework for
integration of scales and themes.
Policy responses, are needed in order to resolve potential conflicts in land
use demand and also guiding land use intensity towards sustainable
development.
Project approach
EU-LUPA approach assesses land use patterns and
dynamics at regional level in the EU with a multisector perspective addressing major territorial
challenges and political priorities.
This project is about combining and aggregating land
cover, land use and administrative data into
meaningful typologies as potential input for policy
making at European, national and regional level.
Project approach
Corine Land Cover
baseline
How much
Corine Land
Cover changes
Quantity
Hot spots
expert judgement
Intensity
Dominant processes
Typology of changes
Corine Land Cover
Socio-economic data
Prevailing
characteristics
expert judgement
aggregation
Land Use
Functions
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Challenges
Opportunities
Performance
How much has changed (1990-2006)?
5
Land use change: Hot spots
1990-2006
2000-2006
6
Typologies of change
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Land Use Functions
• Changes analysis based on CLC could be broaden to
better understand land use dynamics in EU27
• To assess the impacts of land use change in a
comprehensive way: multi-criteria analysis of indicators
• The Land Use Functions provide a way to enhance the
understanding of:
– Multi-functionality
– Sustainability: integration of the economic, social and
environmental dimension
The LUFs method: aggregation scheme
Sustainability
0.333
0.333
0.333
Society
Economy
0.166
0.166
LUF1: Work
LUF2: Leisure
& recreation
Environment
0.166
0.166
LUF3: Food &
bio-energy
LUF4:Housing
Infrastructure
0.166
0.166
LUF5: Abiotic
resources
LUF6: Biotic
resources
7
8
2
7
1
4
5
7
1
3
3
12
12
15
9
11
6
21
13
18
5
12
16
17
17
18
12
15
24
27
21
26
16
17
19
20
19
21
25
19
20
21
25
1
Indicator
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Basic aggregation scheme, after Paracchini et al. (2008). The symbols represent individual indicators contributing to more than one LUF
LUF1 – Provision of work
LUF3 – Provision of food and bioenergy
3
contribution to the Common Strategic Framework
Eu-lupa could be used as basis for building territorial
evidence relevant for the Common Strategic
Framework, providing inputs to:
– the thematic objectives mentioned in the
Common Strategic Framework, and;
– also as an input for the Partnership Contracts.
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contribution to the thematic objectives
Ob5. Promoting climate change adaptation
Potential links between land use patterns and climatevulnerability if combining EU-LUPA with ESPON-CLIMATE or
other vulnerability assessments:
– Artificialisation and sprawl intensification patters in regions with
foreseen urban climate risks could increase their vulnerability.
– Forest and agriculture land use changes (extensification or
intensification) in regions with foreseen changes in agricultural
productivity or ecological niche due to climate should explore the
potentials or define how to reduce vulnerability (soil degradation,
hydrological cycle regulation, economic activities).
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Ob5. Promoting climate change adaptation
contribution to the thematic objectives
Ob6. Protecting the environment and promoting resource
efficiency
EU-LUPA could help identifying regional challenges and related
objectives:
• water supply, waste-water, waste management, reduce transport related
air pollution and integrated urban development, including through
sustainable urban drainage, soil desealing measures, rehabilitation of
contaminated sites  Through sprawl dynamics and Land Use Functions
• green infrastructure, including Natura 2000 sites  Through land use
patterns
• protecting and enhancing cultural heritage and landscapes  Through
land use patterns
• efficiency in the use of water by agriculture  Through land use patterns
• improvement of water and soil quality, and contribute to protecting soil
from erosion, compaction, salinisation, landslides, and loss of organic
matter  Through land use patterns
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contribution to the Partnership Contracts
Relevant elements mentioned by the Commission to be taken into account in the
design of the PC:
1) An analysis of the Member State’s or region’s development potential and
capacity  justifying links between land use patterns and socioeconomic
performance
2) An assessment of the major challenges to be addressed by the region or
Member State, including the identification of the bottlenecks and missing links,
innovation gaps, the lack of planning and implementation capacity etc.  land
use patter as a potential major challenge to be included
3) horizontal coordination; and 4) vertical coordination  also to be analyzed
in the field of spatial planning policies and instruments
5) Partnership Contract and programmes based on appropriate result indicators.
 Typologies, Land Use Functions and Land Use Efficiency as potential
indicators.
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