From PoAs to NAMAs a pilot case
From PoAs to NAMAs a pilot case
From PoAs to NAMAs
a pilot case
1. Context of discussions
2. Objective and concept for NAMA Pilot Case
3. Introduction to example PoA – EE in SME Steel cluster
India is committed to contribute to the global efforts towards Climate
Mitigation target envisioned in Copenhagen Accord: Reduce emissions
intensity of GDP by 20-25% by 2020 in comparison to the 2005 level.
Successful participation in the flexible Kyoto mechanisms; but with
limited impact on EE projects
Climate change policy in India embraces a vision in the form of NAPCC
and related 8 missions and has evolved several measures and actions
International discussions context
On the Agenda since Bali Action Plan 2007
Cancun Agreements differentiates NAMAs into three types (Unilateral
NAMAs; Supported NAMAs; Credited NAMA)
How to come to fast track practical concepts and pilot NAMAs?
Bridging the Gap – PoA to NAMA
Why PoA as starting point?
Various strategies are possible
Bottom-Up strategy for NAMA
development can use elements of a PoA
- Baseline definition
- Monitoring and Verification
- Incentive systems
- Fast track pilot schemes using PoAs
Scoping study for four case studies
Bridging the Gap – How to get from PoA to
Module 1: Understand the PoA: scope, eligibility criteria, implementation
arrangements, targeted GHG emission categories
Module 2: Analyse four key technical PoA design elements and their
suitability for scaling up:
- eligibility criteria / baseline setting procedure / MRV process and PoA
- identify if PoA design is a) already fully applicable, b) needs to be
adjusted or c) needs to be developed for NAMA design.
Module 3: Evaluate the domestic policy & institutional framework to
assess whether the existing framework is supportive of NAMA
implementation or not.
Module 4: Identify follow-up actions for NAMA readiness based on the
need for adjustments and new designs as identified
• *Study by South Pole on behalf of German Ministry for Environment and KfW
Case Study India –
PoA EE in SME Steel Cluster
PoA Objective: Improve Energy Efficiency of furnaces and
burners in Indias SME Steel Industry by 20-50%.
Scope: Nationwide – In Clusters / Jodhpur cluster first CPA
PoA Managing Entity: Small Industries Development Bank
(SIDBI) supported by India SME Technology Services (ISTSL)
GHG Emission Source: Reduce fossil fuel use in SME Steel Mills
Methodology: AMS II. D Energy Efficiency and fuel switching
measures for industrial facilities.
Measures of the PoA
1. Controlling supply of excess air
2. Installation/retrofitting Recuperators
3. Insulation of furnace surfaces
4. Retrofitting/Modification of furnace doors
5. Fuel preparation and heating
6. Automation of furnace operation
Advantages and Limitations of the PoA
National scale of PoA
Nationally operating, state owned, privately acting CME
PoA goals contribute to Indias political will to reduce GHG Emissions
Investments straight forward
Target group are bankable SMEs
No new facilities allowed – only existing
No capacity upgrade allowed
Only the 6 measures are allowed
Changing the fuel type not allowed
PoA is limited to steel sector
Draft NAMA Design Sheet (of desk study)
Scope: Energy intensive SME Sector (not covered under Perform, Achieve
Trade Scheme) that operates similar equipment
- glass, cement, pulp and paper, textile etc.
- allows for measures not permitted under AMS II.D
Management: Under National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
- Nodal Agency: Bureau of Energy Efficiency.
- Potential Implementation partner: SIDBI using similar incentive structure
(subsidised loan scheme).
Baseline setting: standardisation approaches and benchmark system
must be developed, MRV and eligibility criteria can be adapted.
Link to carbon market: PoA issued CERs should be deducted from
NAMA achievements when a NAMA target is defined. Further linkages tbd.
Conclusions and next Steps
Up-scaling is possible, but adaptation work would need to be undertakten
Evaluation of SME to be included needs to be done
Adaptation of MRV Structure
Development of standardised Baseline based on AMS II. D
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