Jazz_ part 1
Transcript Jazz_ part 1
Jazz music originated with slaves.
In the African tradition, they had a single-line
melody and a call-and-response pattern, but
without the European concept of harmony.
In the early 19th century an increasing number of
African-American musicians learned to play
Another influence came from African-American
slaves who had learned the harmonic style of
hymns and incorporated it into their own music
Originated in New Orleans, LA
Begin with a basic melody and
musicians take turns improvising or
“taking a solo” on the melody.
Syncopation – shifting the accent to
the weak beat or off-beat
Syncopated rhythms reflected African
speech patterns, and the African use of
pentatonic scales led to blue notes in
blues and jazz. (lowered 3rd, 5th, & 7th)
Based on the military two-step march
Rhythms are "ragged" and
syncopated (putting emphases on
Mostly played on the piano
Most famous ragtime
composer – Scott Joplin
Called "King of Ragtime"
Unsure of date of birth. Was 2 years
old at census in July 1870
Born in Northeast Texas
Moved to Texarkana while still young
In the 1880’s, Joplin lived in Sedalia,
MO as a teenager.
Joplin worked as
When not traveling
Joplin played piano
at local events
Died April 1, 1917
Joplin received a 1-cent royalty from the
sales of printed music of “Maple Leaf Rag,”
which gave him a small, steady income for
the rest of his life.
Sales of “Maple Leaf Rag” reached half a
million in 10 years.
Wrote “The Entertainer” (used in movie, The
Also wrote an opera called “Treemonisha”