Transcript Slide 1

Institutions Working
Arvis, Causey, Golitsyn, Gallardo, Fandino,
Johnson, Kimball, Mengerink, Robles, Rosenberg,
Rovira, Searles, Stocks, Wesson
Urgency: irreversible change
Apparent broad scale and localized losses
Emerging uses
Increasing pressures (e.g. population,
property issues, climate change)
• Potential for feedback from loss of
biodiversity/ecosystem functioning to
climate change
• Existing framework apparently inadequate
Political will
Best practices
Appropriate scales
Needed innovation
New instruments or arrangements
Irreversible losses
Political climate
Risk to ecosystem services
Course changing events
Ramsar, Kyoto, ...
Goal Development:
conservation & sustainable use of marine biodiversity
• International overarching goal
– Includes national jurisdictions and areas beyond national
– Describes principles for conservation and sustainable use
• Based on ecosystem approach to management
• Integral to social and economic sustainable development
• Intended to apply across sectors (e.g., fisheries, shipping,
coastal development, pollution)
• Focus on gaps in existing frameworks ( e.g., interactions,
cumulative effects)
• Provides a framework for collaboration among existing
• Includes precautionary approach
• Inspire political will
Regional Ecosystembased Management
• Operationalize goals through principles and norms
• Build on existing international and regional instruments and
• Develop new mechanisms and approaches
• Maintain or strengthen sectoral goals for management
• Base boundaries on ecological principles (e.g., LME’s plus
high seas areas)
• Recognize the transboundary nature of diversity
• Create coordinating mechanism
• Include adaptive management
• Evaluate and address interactions between
sectoral effects
• Evaluate and address cumulative impacts of human
activities on the marine environment with regard
to marine biodiversity
• Coordinate planning and management activities for
multiple objectives
• Inform, disseminate and educate
• Perform governance scenario analysis
Implementation Issues
• Commit resources
• Incorporate capacity building mechanism
• Develop integrated assessment and monitoring by
independent body
– Cross sectors
– Focus on ecosystem services
– Address goal of conservation and sustainable use of marine
– Supported by GEOSS and other observation systems
– Regularly (continuously) updated
– Include biodiversity in climate change scenarios
• Create compliance and enforcement mechanisms
– Standards and norms as a basis
– Accountability mechanism
Implementation Issues…
• Incorporate performance review mechanism
– Based on clear objectives, strategies and tactics
– Adaptive management
• Create appropriate incentive structure
– Encourage innovative solutions (e.g. restoration)
• Spatial and temporal concerns
– Governance at local, national, regional and international
levels must be linked
– Rapid action on priority areas to conserve diversity (stop
gap measures)
– Take action even with uncertain information
(precautionary approach)
– Timely management response to new information
– Apply short, medium and long term strategies
Implementation issues…
• Need for identification of reference points and
reference areas (MPA’s)
– Identify for protection hotspot areas and those with
fuller range of ecosystem services intact
– Identify for protection areas at risk
– Protected areas need to be of a sufficient size that
they are meaningful on an ecosystem scale, linked
• Raising public awareness
• Communicating importance of overarching goals of
conserving ecosystem services
– within and between local, national, regional and
international levels
– use of new technologies
– Strategic communication (recognize audiences, messages
and timeliness)