Adjectives and Adverbs - Eurolink Courses Index
Transcript Adjectives and Adverbs - Eurolink Courses Index
What is the difference between an adjective
and an adverb?
Quite simply, an adjective describes a noun. It tells us
how someone or something is.
A big house
A fat man
An adverb describes a verb. It tells us how, where, when
or how often something happens.
e.g. He/She drives carelessly.
How does he/she drive?
Adjectives go before the noun. (A beautiful girl).
They can also be used alone after the verb “to be” and
some other verbs.
(John is short, they are happy, you look tired ) etc.
There are two kinds of adjective: opinion adjectives
(beautiful, luxurious) which show what you think about
somebody or something,
and fact adjectives which give
factual information about age, size, colour, material
etc. Opinion adjectives always go before a fact adjective.
eg. A luxurious old English Bentey-
Order of adjectives.
Remember - opinion adjectives go before fact adjectives
e.g. a beautiful bronze statue.
When we have two or more fact adjectives in a
sentence we usually put them in the following order.
In normal situations we would only use two or three
fact adjectives at the most (a beautiful round wooden table)
Adverbs can be one word (dangerously)
or a phrase (in the bank)
and they show:
He drives dangerously. (How?)
His car is here. (Where?)
She flew to Madrid yesterday. (When?)
They always eat out. (How often?)
Adverbs usually go after the verb. (He runs quickly).
Adverbs of frequency go after auxilliary verbs and the verb “to be”, but
before the principal verb e.g. She is always late for work.
He has never been to London
They usually come to work by train.
Formation of Adverbs.
We usually form an adverb by adding “ly” to the
careful – carefully, but some are irregular and do not
follow this rule.
Adjectives of: Positive Comparative
the shortest of/in
two or more
expensive more expensive
John is short.
Peter is shorter than John.
Mark is the shortest in the class.
Mark is the shortest of all.
the most modern
the most expensive
This hotel is expensive.
That hotel is more expensive.
Our hotel is the most expensive
Adverbs with the same form as
two syllable adverbs ending in -ly
the most often
or compound adverbs – adjective + ly
many/a lot of