Transcript Italian

Borrowed from Mrs. Valenti’s
World History Class
Saddleback Valley, CA
Thanks Mrs. Valenti!
Writers of the Italian
Main Idea 2:
Italian writers contribute great works of literature.
Writers of the Italian
Writers such as Dante Alighieri and Niccolo Machiavelli
contributed greatly to the Renaissance.
Dante’s major work was a
book entitled, The Divine
Dante wrote it in Italian,
which was the vernacular,
the common language of
the people.
Before Dante, everyone always
published in Latin or Greek.
Dante’s book, The Divine Comedy, described an
imaginary journey through the afterlife
Many of the
problems Dante
described in the
book he also saw
in Italian society
Machiavelli wrote
The Prince. He was also
a politician, and his book
told leaders how to rule.
 Told
politicians to focus
on the “here and now,”
not on theories.
Artists of the Italian
During the Renaissance, Italian artists created some of the
most beautiful paintings and sculptures in the world. Artists
were supported by wealthy families (the signoria) & churches.
New techniques, like perspective, made their work come
alive. Perspective is
a method of showing
a three-dimensional
scene on a flat
surface so that it
looks real.
Christ Handing the Keys to
St. Peter by Pietro Perugino
Great Italian Artists - Botticelli
Sandro Botticelli was a painter from Florence.
He painted everything in fine detail.
The Birth of
Venus, 1486.
Great Italian Artists - Botticelli
Primavera (1478): Left to right: Mercury, the Three
Graces, Venus, Flora, Chloris, Zephyrus
Great Italian Artists - Botticelli
Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo
the Elder, 1474.
Great Italian Artists - Titian
Titian, the finest artist of Venice,
reflected his interest in the past by
painting scenes from classical myths.
He was also famous for his portraits.
The Rape of Europa (1562)
Great Italian Artists - Michelangelo
Michelangelo was
one of the great
Italian artists. He was
known as a master.
He not only painted
portraits but also
designed buildings,
wrote poetry, was a
sculptor, and
painted murals in the
Great Italian Artists - Michelangelo
David stands 17 ft
tall. This marble
statue portrays the
Biblical King David
at the moment that
he decides to do
battle with Goliath.
Great Italian Artists - Michelangelo
designed the
dome of St.
although it
when he
Great Italian Artists –
Michelangelo's Pietà was carved in 1499, when the sculptor was 24 years old. This
famous work of art depicts the body of Jesus in the arms of his mother Mary after the
Great Italian Artists - Michelangelo
painted the
ceiling of the
Sistine Chapel.
God giving life to Adam is the most famous
part of the ceiling, which has scenes from
throughout the Old Testament.
Great Italian Artists - Michelangelo
The Last Judgment is a
painting by Michelangelo
located in the Sistine
Chapel. It took six years to
complete. The Last
Judgment is a depiction of
the second coming of
Christ and the
apocalypse. The souls of
humans rise and descend
to their fates, as judged by
Christ and his Saintly
Great Italian Artists – da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was the
true genius of the
Renaissance. He was a
great painter, sculptor,
architect, inventor, &
Great Italian Artists – da Vinci
The Mona Lisa is a 16th
century oil painting on
poplar wood by Leonardo
da Vinci.
Great Italian Artists – da Vinci
The Last Supper was Leonardo da Vinci’s painting of the last meal Jesus
shared with his apostles before his death.
Great Italian Artists – da Vinci
Leonardo's most
famous drawing, the
Vitruvian Man, is a
study of the proportions
of the human body,
linking art and science
in a single work that
has come to represent
Great Italian Artists – da Vinci
Leonardo produced detailed studies of the flight of birds, and plans for
several flying machines, including a helicopter powered by four men
and a light hang glider which could have flown.