Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello (and Petrarch)

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Transcript Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello (and Petrarch)

April 15th and 25th
• Turn in homework (pre-AP only)
• Complete Warm-Up #13 at your desk
• Write homework in agenda
• Get out Unit 5 Notes Packet
The Renaissance
• 1300-1600
• An explosion of
creativity in Europe.
• Means “rebirth”, of
art and learning
Middle Ages vs. Renaissance
• Wore rough cloths • Enjoyed material
and ate plain food
luxuries, fine music,
and tasty food
• Crusades, famine,
Black Death forced • Carefree life of
pleasure with fewer
Why Italy?
• Thriving cities (the rest of Europe
was still rural)
• A wealthy merchant
• The classical heritage
of Greece and Rome
Florence and the Medicis
• Ruled by one powerful family who
made a fortune in trade and banking
• They greatly supported
the arts
Florence and the Medicis
• Cosimo de’ Medici was the wealthiest
European of his time
• He was virtually dictator
of Florence for 30 years
through his influence
• The study of classical texts, which
focused on human potential and
• Popularized the study of history,
literature, and philosophy (the
“Renaissance man”
• A man who excelled in
many fields, or a
“universal man”
• The Courtier by
Baldassare Castiglione
taught how to become
such a person
“Renaissance man”
“Let the man we are seeking be very bold,
stern, and always among the first, where
the enemy are to be seen; and in every
other place, gentle, modest, reserved,
above all things avoiding ostentation
[showiness] and that impudent [bold] selfpraise by which men ever excite hatred
and disgust in all who hear them.”
Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello
(and Petrarch)
Leonardo da Vinci
• Painter, sculptor,
inventor, and scientist
• A true “Renaissance
• Painted The Mona Lisa
and The Last Supper
• Sculptor and
painter who
glorified the human
• Famous works were
St. Peter’s Basilica,
the Sistine Chapel,
and the statue
• Studied Michelangelo and Leonardo
• Favorite subjects were Madonna and
• Filled Pope Julius II’s library with
• School of Athens shows classical and
Renaissance figures together
• Made sculpture more
realistic by carving
natural postures and
expressions that
reveal personality
• One of the earliest and most
influential humanists
• A great poet in both Italian and Latin
• Typically wrote sonnets, which were
14-line poems