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Please get out something to write with.
2ND PERIOD ONLY!!! If you have any signed forms
that I handed out yesterday, please get those out.
Make sure your name is on them. I will collect them.
If you HAVE NOT turned in the signed parent slip for
my class, please get that out now.
The Parthenon
in Athens
Standard 10.1.1 - Analyze the similarities and
differences in Judeo-Christian and Greco-Roman
views of law, reason and faith, and duties of the
We will be taking notes, then you will be completing
a comparison chart and Venn diagram.
People lived in a
polis (city-states).
Political unit made
up of a city and area
around it.
king or queen
central power
Small group of
elite (nobles)
exercise power
Power shifted
to a new class
of wealthy
which led to…
trade created a
new middle
class of
merchants and
artisans which
led to…
 Small group of
elite middle class
exercise power
The city-state of Athens evolved into a
democracy. (demo=people kratos=power)
◦ Government in which the people exercise power.
◦ The word “people” meant adult male citizens ONLY.
Athens evolved further into a
direct democracy.
In a direct democracy, all citizens meet in one
place to make the laws for their state.
In 509 BC, the Romans overthrew their king and created
a republic.
a government in which citizens rule through
representatives, whom they elect.
Patricians (members of the landholding upper class) ruled.
Plebeians (common farmers, merchants, and artisans) could
Plebeians demanded laws be written=first written code of law.
Government set up separate branches (separation of powers).
People were involved…not just monarchs or an
elite group.
Republics formed…representative.
Laws were discovered through reason!
People helped people!
People had choices and responsibilities.
Roman and Christian empires expanded on these
Polytheists- many gods
People have dignity that comes from intelligence and ability
to reason.
Ability to reason gives people moral freedom to choose right
from wrong.
Duty to participate in government and follow laws.
World has natural laws (discovered through reason).
Branches of Government
Written laws (The Code – 5,000 Roman laws) made by
citizens and apply to all.
Laws based on civil matters
Monotheists- one god
Humans are created equal in God’s image.
God gave each being dignity that can never be taken away.
Duty to live a moral life, follow law and help others.
God gave people moral freedom to choose between right and
Written Laws (Commandments) made by God and apply to
Laws based on morality
1. Please complete the comparison chart by using the
contributions in your notes.
2. Then in your table groups, complete the Venn
Diagram. Look at your chart and notes to identify
similarities and differences.