Introduction to AgriScience & Technology

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Transcript Introduction to AgriScience & Technology

Introduction to
Agriculture
“Do Now”…….
• 1. Write down all of the products that you
can think of that originated from plants &
animals.
• 2. List everything that you ate for supper
last night & where did each of the main
ingredients come from.
Human Food Needs
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Energy
Growth and Repair
Good Health
Body Processes
Sources of Food
• Plants
– 250,000 plants on
earth
– 600 are used for food
• Leaves
– Lettuce
• Seeds
– Beans
• Roots
– Potatoes
• Fruits
– Apples
• Flowers
– Cauliflower
• Stems
– Celery
• Multiple Parts
– Turnip (leaves and
roots)
Animal Sources
• Terrestrial
– Animals that live on land
• Aquatic
– Animals that live in water
• Meat
• Eggs
• Milk
Fiber (Clothing)
• Animal Fibers
– Wool
– Fur
– Silk
• Plant Fibers
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Cotton
Flax
Hemp
Jute
Sisal
• Synthetics
– Those made by man
Wood Products
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Lumber
Plywood
Veneer
Composition Board
Paper
Definition of Agriculture
• Agriculture
– The science of
growing crops and
raising livestock.
More Definitions
• Agriscience: the application of scientific
principles & new technologies to
agriculture.
• Agribusiness: the production, processing,
distribution & marketing of agricultural
products & services.
Innovations in Agriculture
• Charles Townshed
– 1st crop rotation system
• Jethro Tull
– Developed seed planting
machine in early 1700’s.
• Eli Whitney
– Cotton gin
• Cyrus McCormick
– Patented a harvesting machine
(reaper) in 1834
• John Deere
– 1837 1st steel moldboard plow
• Gregor Mendel
– Austrian botanist
– Discovered basic principles of
heredity
• Silver Bullet Era
– 1940’s-1950’s
– New pesticides on market
– Dramatically increases yields.
• Biotechnology Era
– 1984 entered stock market
– 1995 RoundUp Ready Soybeans
New York Agriculture Products
• List as many as you can think of
• What raw materials do they require &
where are they produced?
• Milk-dairy cows
• Hamburger-beef cows
• Bread-wheat, grains
• Wine-grapes
• Corn Products-corn
Areas of Agriculture
• Supplies and
Services
– Machinery and
equipment
– Seed
– Chemicals
– Feed and animal
medicines
• Production Agriculture
• Marketing and
Processing
What are some types of
businesses related to agriculture?
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Grocery Stores
Florists
Hardware Stores
Machinery Dealers
Lumber Yards
Trucking Businesses
Environmental Agencies
Radio & TV Companies
What types of products do these
businesses handle?
• Grocery Stores: meats, vegetables, dairy
products
• Florists: flowers & potted plants
• Hardware Stores: gardening equipment,
tools & nails
• Machinery Dealers: tractors, combines &
plows
• Lumber Yards: wood & Mulch
• Trucking Business: meats, veggies,
lumber & milk.
What are the four major divisions of
Agriculture?
• Production: producing food & fiber
• Processing: changing food & fiber into
consumer products
• Distribution: moving products to the
market
• Marketing: selling products
How are agriculture & science
related?
• Agriculture is the application of the earth,
physical & life sciences.
• Earth Science: study of soils & sunlight
• Physical Science: study of simple
machines, energy & matter
• Life Science: study of plants, animals &
the environment
Homework for Friday Nov. 21st
• Fill out the business worksheet in your
packet
• Due: MONDAY NOV 24th!!!!!
• You can use a phonebook to help you