During the summer,
it gets hot!
During the winter, it
Until . . .
. . . Elevation comes into
The higher you go up into
As you go down the
the colder the
you start to feel
the thinner the air gets
(thus making it harder to
and you enjoy the sight
and the less you see
of beautiful plants and
plants growing there.
The 3 main levels are: forest floor, understory, and
In a forest biome,
you will find three
. . . Or maybe more!
The forest floor is the soil, dead plants and animals
waiting to rot away. But also as part of the forest floor is
a layer known as the herb layer. This is where the
grasses and wildflowers grow .
Other plants, bushes and small trees make up the
understory (also known as the shrub layer).
The last layer is where the trees are and it is known as
the canopy layer.
Effects on Plant Life
* The soil, water, sunshine,
But, each plant
Thus, all the elements effect
each plant in different ways.
and trees grow in an area.
Trees are classified into two types of trees.
Coniferous trees are trees that grow needles instead of leaves, and
cones instead of flowers. Conifers tend to be evergreen, that is, they
bear needles and stay green all year long. These adaptations help
conifers survive in areas that are very cold or dry. Some of the more
common conifers are spruces, pines, and firs.
Temperature: -40°C to 20°C, average summer temperature is
Precipitation: 300 to 900 millimeters of rain per year. The
amount of precipitation depends on the forest location. In the
north, the winters are long, cold and dry, while the short
summers are moderately warm and moist. In the south,
precipitation is more evenly distributed throughout the year.
Utah has a little of both types of precipitation
Deciduous Trees are notable for going through four seasons. During
the fall, their leaves change color, then they begin to lose them. This is
in preparation for the winter season. Because it gets so cold, the trees
have adapted to the winter by going into a period of dormancy or
sleep. This is how the trees survive. They also have thick bark to
protect them from the cold weather. Deciduous trees’ flowers begin to
grow again during spring and continue throughout the summer.
Some common deciduous tress, also known as Broadleaf trees, are
oaks, maples, beeches, hickory, and chestnut.
Temperature: -30°C to 30°C, yearly average is 10°C. The
temperature varies widely from season to season with cold
winters and hot, wet summers.
Precipitation: 750 to 1,500 mm of rain per year
Utah has both characteristics of a deciduous and
coniferous forest, meaning you can find both
deciduous trees and coniferous trees there.
Here are various
types of animals
that live in a forest!
In the End,
Every animal and plant is part
of an ecosystem.
An ecosystem is a community of plants
and animals interacting with their
environment. Every living thing depends
on each other to survive!
Trees and plants provide food,
oxygen and shelter for
The animals in return
eventually die, rot and
fertilize the soil so that trees
and plants get their food.
They also help with starting
new tree and plant growth.
Both plants and animals help
control the land’s climate.