Body Image, Eating Disorders, and FAD diets What is Body Image? • Body Image is how you see and feel about your appearance AND how comfortable you are with your body What defines Body Image? • CULTURE and SOCIETY! • Clothing models and media stars set a standard for attractiveness and acceptability. • GET THIS: Models represent less than 1 percent of the population AND are heavily airbrushed! What does it mean to have a healthy body image? • Listen to what your body tells you- eat when you need to, stop when you’re full • Appreciate and care for your body • Have realistic expectations about your size based on your family’s genes • Realize your weight and body shape can change frequently and rapidly in teens Unhealthy Role Models Healthy Body Image Role Models Eating Disorders • Eating disorders are conditions that involve UNHEALTHY concern about body weight and shape • Leads to controlling weight in unhealthy means. • THOUSANDS of people die each year from complications related to eating disorders Common Eating Disorders • Anorexia Nervosa • Bulimia Nervosa • Bingeing or binge eating Are you at RISK for developing an EATING DISORDER? • Prefer to eat alone? • Thinking about food often? • Overly critical about body size, shape? • Eating a lot of “diet” foods? • Weighing yourself often/every day? Anorexia Nervosa • Anorexia Nervosa is Self-starvation • Leads to a distorted body image (thinking one is overweight when underweight) • Someone with anorexia may consume only a few hundred calories PER DAY • Their bodies begin feeding on ITSELF as a source for energy Anorexia can lead to: • Intense fear of weight gain • Loss of menstrual cycle • Hair loss on head • Depression and anxiety • Low bone density • Organ failure • Heart failure • DEATH Bulimia Nervosa • Involves frequent episodes of binge eating and purging • Bingeing involves consuming large quantities of food at one time • Purging food through vomiting or laxatives, fasting, or over exercising Bulimia can lead to • Unhealthy weight loss • Blood shot eyes • Sore throat • Severe dehydration • Irregular menstrual periods • Depression and mood swings • Hair loss • Decay on tooth enamel and dental problems Binge Eating • Involves frequent binge eating but no purging • Accompanied by feelings of guilt, shame, and loss of control after binge session • A THIRD of people with weight problems suffer from binge eating disorders • Most binge eaters are overweight or obese! DON’T… • Look to “Fad” diets! A Fad Diet is a diet that requires major changes in your eating habits and promises quick results • Fad Diets or programs do NOT help with long term weight results! • Remember: FAD diets are BAD diets! A FAD DIET…. • Suggests limiting your diet and not including fruits, grains, vegetables, etc. • Diet pills- unhealthy means of weight loss through a pill that advertises weight loss without changing diet or exercise patterns • Surgery- changing structure of digestive tract, bypassing parts of the stomachvery risky- surgeries can lead to death! • Low Carbohydrate Diets- causes liver problems and leads to lack of nutrients What’s the best advice? • The best way to manage weight: • Eat a balanced diet that includes food from ALL food groups • As a teen, stay under 2,500 calories • As you get older, stay around 2,000 • Get plenty of EXERCISE and SLEEP Help Available • Medical and psychological therapy • Family counseling • Nutritional counseling • ASK A TEACHER, FAMILY MEMBER, OR A TRUSTED ADULT!