Adverbs and Adjectives

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Transcript Adverbs and Adjectives

Adverbs and Adjectives
Adjectives
Adjectives are words that modify nouns or pronouns
by defining, describing, limiting, or qualifying those
nouns or pronouns.
– An adjective describes how something
'is'. For this reason, we usually use the
verb 'to be' when using adjectives.
Adjectives are used to describe nouns.
– Example: He is a good doctor. Rule:
Adjectives describe nouns. Example:
beautiful trees, they are happy
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Adjectives
 Be careful!
 Adjectives don't have a singular and plural form OR a masculine,
feminine and neuter form.
 Adjectives are always the same! Never add a final -s to an
adjective.
 Adjectives can also be placed at the end of a sentence if they
describe the subject of a sentence. Example: My doctor is
excellent.
 NOT!!: difficults books
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Adjective Rules
Rule: Adjectives are placed before the noun.
Example: a wonderful book; very interesting
people
Be careful!
Don't place an adjective after the noun
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Adverbs
Adverbs are words that modify verbs,
adjectives, or other adverbs and that express
such ideas as time, place, manner, cause,
and degree.
– They tell you How something is done. Example:
How does he she sing? - She sings beautifully.
– Rule: Adverbs are often formed by adding -ly to
an adjective
– Example: beautiful - beautifully, careful –
carefully
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Adverb Rules
Be Careful!
Some adjectives don't change in the adverb form.
The most important of these are: fast - fast, hard hard
Good is probably the most important exception. The
adverb form of 'good' is 'well'. Unfortunately, this is
a common mistake that many of us make!
NOT!!: He plays tennis good.
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Adverb Rules
Rule: Adverbs can also modify an adjective. In
this case, the adverb is placed before the
adjective.
Example: She is extremely happy. They are
absolutely sure.
Be Careful!
Do not use 'very' with adjectives that express an
increased quality of a basic adjective
Example: good - fantastic
NOT!!: She is a very beautiful woman
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Adverb Rules
Rule: Adverbs of frequency (always, never,
sometimes, often) usually come before the main verb
Example: Do you always eat in a restaurant? They
don't usually travel on Fridays.
Be Careful!
Adverbs of frequency expressing infrequency are not
usually used in the negative or question form. NOT!!:
Does she rarely eat fish? They don't seldom go to the
cinema.
Adverbs of frequency are often placed at the
beginning of a sentence. Example: Sometimes, he
likes to go to museums.
Adverbs of frequency follow - come after - the verb 'to
be'. Example: He is sometimes late for work.
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Adverb and Adjective Use
Use adjectives as subject complements with linking
verbs; use adverbs with action verbs.
Examples:
The old man's speech was eloquent. (ADJ)
Mr. Potter speaks eloquently. (ADV)
Please be careful. (ADJ)
Drive carefully. (ADV)
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Good and Well
Good is an adjective; its use as an adverb is
colloquial or nonstandard.
Correct:
He looks good to be an octogenarian.
The quiche tastes very good.
He gets along well with his co-workers.
Colloquial:
He gets along good with his co-workers.
NOT ACCEPTABLE!
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Good and Well
Well may be either an adverb or an adjective. As an
adjective, well means "in good health."
Correct:
He plays well. (Well is an adverb.)
My mother is not well. (Well is an adjective.)
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Bad and Badly
BAD OR BADLY
Bad is an adjective used after sense verbs such
as look, smell, taste, feel, or sound or after
linking verbs (is, am, are, was, were, and
other forms of to be).
Example:
I feel bad about the delay.
Badly is an adverb used after all other verbs.
Example:
It doesn't hurt so badly now.
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Real or Really
REAL OR REALLY
Real is an adjective meaning "genuine"; its use as an adverb is
colloquial or nonstandard.
Nonstandard:
He writes real well.
Have a real nice day.
The company is real pleased with your work.
Correct:
This is real leather. (ADJ)
Really is an adverb.
Examples:
He writes really well.
Have a really nice day.
The company is very/really pleased with your work.
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Sort of and Kind of
SORT OF AND KIND OF
Sort of and kind of are often misused in written
English by writers who actually mean rather
or somewhat.
Incorrect:
Lannie was kind of saddened by the results of
the test.
Correct:
Lannie was somewhat saddened by the results
of the test
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