strategies and actions

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Transcript strategies and actions

Australia’s Marine Bioregional Planning
And possible lessons for areas beyond national jurisdiction
Nautilus (Dr M. Norman, Museum Victoria) Butterfly fish & Yellowback Fusiliners (R.Thorn) Soft coral and diver
(M. Ball) Tiger Anemone (L. Wiseman) Whale Shark (Paradise Ink)
What is Marine Bioregional Planning?
A basis for ecosystem-based management at a
“landscape” scale
Across sectors and relevant spatial and temporal scales
Focused on defining the “E” in ESD
Not centralised integrated planning and management
Inform environmental regulation and programs
e.g. Marine protected areas, environmental impact
A guide to sectoral management
e.g. informing ecosystem-based fisheries
The scale of the planning effort
What does the planning involve?
 Describe the marine environment and
conservation values of each marine region
 Identify regional priorities based on
analysis of pressures to conservation values
 Outline strategies and actions to address
regional priorities
Conservation values
Issues protected under federal
environmental law
e.g. World Heritage Areas, threatened species
Key Ecological Features
parts of the marine ecosystem that are important
for biodiversity or ecosystem function and integrity
Analogous to EBSAs
Biologically important areas
areas where a protected species displays biologically
important behaviour such as breeding, foraging, resting
and migration.
A key ecological feature - small pelagic fish
in the South-west
provide a link between primary production and higher
predators. Fluctuations in their abundance have
potentially serious implications for the health and
productivity of the South-west marine environment.
A biologically important area - Western Eyre
Peninsula and Kangaroo Island
important breeding areas and foraging grounds for
the threatened Australian sea lion.
Regional priorities
Key issues that should inform decisionmaking about marine conservation,
management, industry development and
other human activities.
Based on a pressure analysis
a review of present and emerging pressures, their
impact on conservation values, and the effectiveness
management arrangements in place.
Strategies to address identified priorities
 Establish and manage representative marine
protected areas
Guidance on the application of environmental impact
assessment requirements
Priority issues for improved fisheries management
Priorities for threatened species recovery actions
Priorities for research and understanding
Marine protected areas
Guidance on environmental impact
Actions that have a real chance or possibility of resulting in:
 modification, destruction, fragmentation, isolation or disturbance of an
important or substantial area of habitat in the area around the Houtman
Abrolhos Islands
 a substantial change in water quality in the area around the Houtman
Abrolhos Islands
 persistent organic chemicals, heavy metals or other potentially harmful
chemicals accumulating in the area around the Houtman Abrolhos Islands
have a high risk of significant impact on the marine environment.
Priorities for fisheries management
Examples from the draft South West Plan
develop improved management initiatives for the
bycatch of protected species— particularly school
shark, white shark and Australian sea lion—focusing on
improving understanding of the cumulative effects of
bycatch across multiple fisheries and the establishment
of ongoing monitoring indicators
improve fisheries interaction data sets for cetaceans
Lessons and observations for ABNJ
 Conservation and sustainable use is more effectively
achieved through a “landscape” scale approach.
Across sectors and relevant spatial and temporal scales
Utilising the right tools in the right places
Understanding the “E” in ESD is the foundation
A basis for conservation measures
A basis for coordinated efforts across sectoral managers
A basis for evaluation and accountability
It’s easier said than done
But the foundations already exist – e.g. EBSAs, Regular
Process, regional frameworks