World Travel and Trade

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Transcript World Travel and Trade

ACOS #4: Explain effects of European exploration upon
European society and Native Americans, including the
economic and cultural impact.
ACOS #4a: Identify significant early European patrons and
explorers and early settlements.
ACOS #4b: Locate the countries of origin of early European
patrons and explorers.
settlement = a small community of
people living in a new place, usually
a frontier region.
 epidemic = An outbreak of disease
that spreads quickly and affects
many people
 circumnavigate = to sail completely
around something
Christopher Columbus
studied navigation and
believed he could reach Asia
by a new route.
In 1486, Columbus asked
King Ferdinand and Queen
Isabella of Spain to pay for
his voyage. They couldn’t
sponsor his trip because
Spain was fighting the
Muslims in Africa.
Spain’s attempt to push the
Muslims out was called the
Spanish Reconquista.
Columbus asked King
Ferdinand and Queen Isabella a
second time to pay for his
voyage to Asia.
This time they agreed. Spain
had won their war and needed
gold and spices that would be
found in Asia.
Columbus set sail from Palos,
Spain, on August 3, 1492.
Columbus left Spain thinking he was going to land in
the Spice Islands.
Close to 90 men
traveled on the
three ships
named the Nina,
the Pinta, and
Santa Maria.
The first ship to
spot land was the
Pinta on October
12, 1492.
The ships had arrived
at an island in the
Columbus named that
island San Salvador, in
present day Bahamas.
Columbus believed he
had reached land off
the coast of Asia, near
The sailors on this expedition were the first
Europeans to meet people of the Caribbean.
These people called themselves the Taino.
Columbus visited two other islands, Cuba and
Ferdinand and Isabella wanted Columbus to start
settlements and to search for gold.
Europeans cut down rain forests on Caribbean
Also, Europeans caused many plants and animals
to die.
The hoped he would
find riches, such as
Movement of plants, animals, and
people between the Eastern and
Western Hemispheres is known as the
Columbian Exchange.
 The Columbian Exchange helped all
people. Potatoes became important to
the Europeans Corn was important
crop in Africa. Tomatoes, peanuts,
beans and peppers are grown several
Pedro Cabral
explored eastern
South American in
1500 and claimed it
for Portugal.
Amerigo Vespucci
made several
voyages to South
America and the
Vasco Balboa sailed to
present-day Panama
in Central America. In
1513, he crossed the
mountains and
jungles of Panama and
reached the Pacific
He was a Portuguese soldier
and sailor who sailed for
He thought he could go west
from Spain, around South
America and end back in
He started his trip in 1519
with 250 men and 5 ships.
He reached the Pacific Ocean
in 1520 and named it Pacific
which means “Peaceful”.
To cross the Pacific
Ocean and return to
Magellan and his crew
continued to sail west.
Many sailors died of
disease and starvation.
Magellan was killed in
a battle in the
Philippine Islands.
One ship and 18 men
made it back to Spain
in 1522 loaded with
valuable Spices.
They became the first to circumnavigate
around the world.