Classical reading - GREEK help at LSU

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Transcript Classical reading - GREEK help at LSU

Ancient Greek for Everyone:
A New Digital Resource for
Beginning Greek
Units 3 part 2:
Feminine Nouns
Classical Reading
2015 edition
Wilfred E. Major
[email protected]
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• Unit 3 part 2 Classical reading
– Be able to:
• read the sentences aloud
• parse each verb and noun (with article where it appears)
• translate the sentences into English.
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• All the sentences here come from Classical Athenian Greek
writings from the fifth and fourth centuries BC. They are
unchanged, except where … indicates a short omission.
• There are brief introductions the first time that an author is
quoted and information that provides context for the quotation.
• At the bottom of each slide are vocabulary entries and notes.
These supply vocabulary and information for any words that
have not yet appeared in the required vocabulary.
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• Euripides’ tragedy Phoenician Women is an epic-length version of the
house of Oedipus, focusing primarily on the battle between Oedipus’
two sons, Polynices and Eteocles. Eteocles has forced his brother from
power and exiled him. Polynices raises an army to attack his brother
and regain power. As part of negotiations between the two, their mother
Jocasta cites a proverb:
αἱ δ’ ἐλπίδες βόσκουσι φυγάδας
Euripides Phoenician Women 396
βόσκουσι (3rd pl) feed, nourish
δ’ and
φυγας –άδος ὁ exile
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• Euripides wrote many turbulent tragedies and is reported to
have lived a comparably turbulent life. During his career, he
seems to have generated controversy with his plays, an artist
both captivating and disturbing.
• Reportedly, Euripides left his native Athens in his last years
and took up residence with the king of Macedon, Archelaus.
Whether this is true or not is impossible to determine now, but
he did write a tragedy about Archelaus’ mythological ancestors
which seems to favor the monarch’s genealogy.
• This play was about the heroic exploits of a grandson of
Hercules, also named Archelaus.
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• In a fragment of Euripides’ play about Archelaus, someone is asking for
help, to which the addressee asks why he is needed. The first person
explains that:
ἐλπίδας δίδως.
Euripides Archelaus fr. 231
Ancient Greek for Everyone
• This is from an ancient collection of curious and bizarre information.
One section explains how a certain people in Illyria get salt. From a
specific mountain spring, they collect a lot of water which they cover
during the day, and:
…τὰς δὲ νύκτας εἰς τὴν αἰθρίαν τιθέασι.
Aristotle 844b14
αἰθρίαν (acc sg) ἡ open air
δέ and
εἰς (+ acc.) into, in