The Culture of Early China

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Transcript The Culture of Early China

The Culture of Early China Part 2
I. The Ch’in Dynasty (256-221 BC)
1. Shih Huang Ti
1. “1st Emperor”
2. Expand Territory
3. Uniform laws
4. Standardized Currency
5. 36 Provinces
As his first act as the
ruler of the unified
empire, the Ch’in ruler
asked his minister for a
title in accordance with
his new position. This is
how his title changed
from wang (king) to
huang-ti (august
emperor). The word ti is
especially felicitous
because it carried along
numerous references to
deities and legendary
rulers of ancient times,
as well as to earlier
tentatives from both
Ch’in and CH’I rulers to
get called by that title.
I. The Ch’in Dynasty
1. Shih Huang Ti Continued…
6. Built Great Wall of China
-Protection from
Mongols & Huns
7. Restricted individual rights
-imprisoned philosophers
-burned books
8. His death resulted in the
end of Ch’in Rule
II. The Han Dynasty
1. Expand territory
2. Test Government Officials
a. Test Knowledge
b. best scores = best jobs
3. Invented Paper
a. 1st Chinese dictionary
II. The Han Dynasty continued…
4. “Silk Road”
a. Road from China
to Middle East
b. China introduced
to new ideas
5. Built Monasteries
a. Buddhist religious
Most Buddhist Monasteries in Mongolia were
destroyed during the communist regime,
which lasted until 1990. One of the only to
survive was Gandan Monastery, being used as
a showcase for visitors. It's official name is
Gandantegchinleng Khiid, or in Mongolian
script: Ugy;gymtuxnylty Hna; ( to download
Mongol font click here ). This name signifies
something like Great Place of Complete Joy or
Great Way to the Cosmos. Literally it can be
translated as:
- Gan = rejoyce
- Dan = perfect
- Teg = vehicle > Tegchin = Mahayna (Greater
- Leng = island